What just happened?

To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site

 

Collection online

Additional options
Production date to

Or search by

Searching...

ostracon

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    EA21498

  • Description

    Pottery ostracon.

  • Culture/period

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Width: 7 centimetres
    • Length: 8.5 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Language

        Greek
      • Inscription Comment

        Ink. 4 lines
  • Condition

    incomplete,fragmentary; poor(destroyed by salt)

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    1 August 1991

    Treatment proposal

    Examine structure of ceramic. Test salts. Examine with ultra violet light and x-ray. Clean, desalinate, reconstruct.

    Condition

    Very finely laminated ceramic. The whole body is visually obscured by a dense mass of salt crystals. There appears to be staining in some areas, on the upper surface, where a consolidant may have been applied. Most of the laminated pieces have become dislodged. This ostraca had recieved no soluble nylon treatment.

    Treatment details

    The loose salt crystals were removed with a sable brush under the microscope at x20 magnification. The surface of the ostraca was loosely reassembled and then faced up with Nylon gossamer attached at the corners with HMG, cellulose nitrate, to the astraca. The whole ostraca was then wrapped in one layer of Nylon gossamer, this was temporarily secured with HMG. The ostraca was then desalinated. To reduce the surface tension 300ml of distilled water and 100ml of IMS was used to desalinated. The concentration of IMS was gradually reduced until water alone remained. The ion concentration of the wash water was measured with a conductivity meter. The data is enclosed. Once desalinated, the Nylon gossamer and HMG was removed by placing the ostraca in an atmosphere of acetone and carefully peeling off the Nylon gossamer. The flakes were then replaced. They were reattached with HMG. All the work was done with tweezers, metal, under a microscope at x20 magnification.

    About these records 

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1889

  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number

    EA21498

  • Registration number

    1889,1014.422

There is no image of this object, or there may be copyright restrictions

Image service:

Request new photography

Recommend


Feedback

If you’ve noticed a mistake or have any further information about this object, please email: collectiondatabase@britishmuseum.org 

View open data for this object with SPARQL endpoint

Object reference number: YCA5234

British Museum collection data is also available in the W3C open data standard, RDF, allowing it to join and relate to a growing body of linked data published by organisations around the world.

View this object

Support the Museum:
donate online

The Museum makes its collection database available to be used by scholars around the world. Donations will help support curatorial, documentation and digitisation projects.

About the database

The British Museum collection database is a work in progress. New records, updates and images are added every week.

More about the database 

Supporters

Work on this database is supported by a range of sponsors, donors and volunteers.

More about supporters and how you
can help  

Loading...