What just happened?

To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site

 

Collection online

Additional options
Production date to

Or search by

Searching...

mummy-case / cartonnage / human mummy

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    EA21810

  • Description

    Mummy of a Greek youth, aged 19-21, named Artemidorus in a cartonnage body-case with mythological decoration in gold leaf and an encaustic on limewood portrait-panel covering the face and inscription on the chest. There is an inscription in Greek on the mummy-case.
    Skull - there is an extensive stellate fracture of the vault of the skull which may be ante mortem. All teeth appear to be present. The cervical spine is obscured by the mandible and packing material which is present in the neck and shoulder region. Thorax and Abdomen - These cavities appear to be filled with some sandy material. The dorsal spine is in disorder; all the ribs have been dislocated at their costo-vertebral junctions, but not fractured. The lumbar spine appears intact, but the intervertebral discs are opaque. There is bilateral sacrilisation of the 5th lumbar vertebra. The iliac epiphyses have by no means closed, hence the estimate of age. Arms - Extended. Hands with extended fingers in the pubic area. Legs - Menisci opaque. No fractures, dislocations, or lines of arrested growth.

    More 

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 2ndC(early)
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 171 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Position

        chest
      • Inscription Language

        Greek
      • Inscription Transliteration

        APTEMIΔѠPE EYΨYXI
      • Inscription Translation

        O Artemidorus, Farewell
      • Inscription Comment

        Painted in one line.
  • Curator's comments

    Bibliography:
    S. Walker and M. Bierbrier, 'Fayum. Misteriosi volti dall'Egitto' (London, 1997), pp. 80-81 [52];
    Green in W. V. Davies (ed.), 'Colour and painting in ancient Egypt' (London, 2001), p. 46, col. pl. 10 [3];
    W. M. F. Petrie, 'Hawara, Biahmu and Arsinoe' (London, 1889), p. 18;
    W. M. F. Petrie, 'Seventy years in archaeology' (London, 1931), p. 84.
    J M Filer, 'Revealing the face of Artemidorus', Minerva 9/4 (July/August 1998), 21-24;
    N. Strudwick, Masterpieces of Ancient Egypt, London 2006, pp. 304-5.

    More 

  • Bibliography

    • Andrews 1990 186 bibliographic details
    • Walker & Bierbrier 1997 32 bibliographic details
    • Dawson & Gray 1968 66 bibliographic details
    • Shaw & Nicholson 1995 p121 bibliographic details
    • Strudwick 2006 pp.304-305 bibliographic details
  • Location

    G62/22

  • Exhibition history

    Exhibited:

    1997 15 Oct-1998 30 Apr, Italy, Rome, Fondazione Memmo, Ancient Faces

  • Condition

    good

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    10 September 1996

    Reason for treatment

    Temporary Exhibition

    Treatment proposal

    Clean, relay pigment (face), relay linen.

    Condition

    Light surface dirt on cartonnage. Old repairs: fill and paint.

    Treatment details

    Cartonnage: Tested paint with distilled water on cotton wool bud. This seemed to remove paint as well as dirt. Tested with Industrial methylated spirits (ethanol,methanol) containing drop of Synperonic N (non ionic detergent,nonylphenol ethylene oxide condensate). This did not seem to effect paint and removed some of dirt. Therefore used this method to clean cartonnage. There was some question that some of the paint might not be original and samples were taken for analysis. Investigated areas of fill, cleaning off retouched areas with alternate swabs of distilled water and IMS and also a scalpel. This was a slow process. Some overpainted areas were revealed. In some cases there was gilding underneath the overpaint but much was missing. It was decided to discontinue this removal of fill and overpaint since it was very time consuming. Exposed areas were repainted with Rowneys acrylic matt medium and dry pigments. Fixed loose bandages with 20% Klucel G (hydroxypropyl cellulose) in IMS applied with metal spatula. Portrait Dust removed by gentle use of a sable brush. Further cleaned with a Wishab sponge (vulcanized latex,filler) gently manipulated over the soiled surfaces. Lifting applied surface relaid with 6% Vinamul 3252 (vinyl acetate,ethylene copolymer) in distilled water. A drop of Synperonic N (non ionic detergent,nonylphenol ethylene oxide condensate) added to reduce surface tension of the water and facilitate flow properties of the adhesive solution. Excess solution removed with a Kleenex tissue.

    About these records 

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1888

  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number

    EA21810

  • Registration number

    1888,0806.8

Mummy of Artemidorus in a cartonnage body-case with mythological decoration in gold leaf and an encaustic on limewood portrait-panel covering the face and inscription on the chest - "Artemidorus, farewell".  Skull - there is an extensive stellate fracture of the vault of the skull which may be ante mortem. All teeth appear to be present. The cervical spine is obscured by the mandible and packing material which is present in the neck and shoulder region.  Thorax and Abdomen - These cavities appear to be filled with some sandy material. The dorsal spine is in disorder; all the ribs have been dislocated at their costo-vertebral junctions, but not fractured. The lumbar spine appears intact, but the intervertebral discs are opaque. There is bilateral sacrilisation of the 5th lumbar vertebra. The iliac epiphyses have by no means closed, hence the estimate of age.  Arms - Extended. Hands with extended fingers in the pubic area.  Legs - Menisci opaque. No fractures, dislocations, or lines of arrested growth.

Mummy of Artemidorus in a cartonnage body-case with mythological decoration in gold leaf and an encaustic on limewood portrait-panel covering the face and inscription on the chest - "Artemidorus, farewell". Skull - there is an extensive stellate fracture of the vault of the skull which may be ante mortem. All teeth appear to be present. The cervical spine is obscured by the mandible and packing material which is present in the neck and shoulder region. Thorax and Abdomen - These cavities appear to be filled with some sandy material. The dorsal spine is in disorder; all the ribs have been dislocated at their costo-vertebral junctions, but not fractured. The lumbar spine appears intact, but the intervertebral discs are opaque. There is bilateral sacrilisation of the 5th lumbar vertebra. The iliac epiphyses have by no means closed, hence the estimate of age. Arms - Extended. Hands with extended fingers in the pubic area. Legs - Menisci opaque. No fractures, dislocations, or lines of arrested growth.

Image description

Recommend


Feedback

If you’ve noticed a mistake or have any further information about this object, please email: collectiondatabase@britishmuseum.org 

View open data for this object with SPARQL endpoint

Object reference number: YCA5538

British Museum collection data is also available in the W3C open data standard, RDF, allowing it to join and relate to a growing body of linked data published by organisations around the world.

View this object

Support the Museum:
donate online

The Museum makes its collection database available to be used by scholars around the world. Donations will help support curatorial, documentation and digitisation projects.

About the database

The British Museum collection database is a work in progress. New records, updates and images are added every week.

More about the database 

Supporters

Work on this database is supported by a range of sponsors, donors and volunteers.

More about supporters and how you
can help  

Loading...