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For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Pottery ostracon.

  • Culture/period

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 10.3 centimetres
    • Width: 7.5 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

        outer surface
      • Inscription Comment

        Ink. Traces visible
  • Curator's comments

    See Favard-Meeks in Brissaud and Zivie-Coche: Tanis 1987-1997 (1998) p.119.

  • Condition

    incomplete,fragmentary; poor(destroyed by salt)

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    10 January 1998

    Treatment proposal

    Treatment of Cat D Ostraka, high conservation priority, active deterioration, Consolidation, Desalination, Reconstruction.


    Previously active soluble salt damage, sherd laminated. Script very faint.

    Treatment details

    Removed salt crystals by dry brushing with a sable brush. Applied distilled water to the surface using a pipette, this dissolved most of the visible salt growth. A scapel blade was used to remove any slightly insoluble salts. The script flakes were secured using HMG heatproof and waterproof adhesive (cellulose nitrate) it was necessary to lift the detached fragments and remove any loose flakes beneath in order to relay the fragment. Object completely immersed in tap water. Wash water changed on a daily basis. Conductivity readings taken of both the tap water and the wash water. DATE WASH WATER TAP WATER measured in siemens 10-5/10-4 020998 58.3x10-4 71.7x10-5 22.9 25.6 11.0 65.2 77.6x10-5 88.1 Taken out Ceramic flakes and salts retruned in plastic bag and geletine capsule

    About these records 

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number


  • Registration number


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Object reference number: YCA5730

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