Collection online

vase

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    EA35571

  • Description

    A vase of thin copper: with a flat base and convex sides, which turn inwards at the top The spout is rounded and set at a lower angle into the body of the vessel. Traces of linen adhere to the corroded exterior surfaces. One side of the vase has been split by a combination of pressure and corrosion.

  • Culture/period

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 11.4 centimetres
    • Width: 2.1 centimetres (spout)
    • Length: 4.1 centimetres (spout)
    • Diameter: 7.7 centimetres (base)
    • Diameter: 10.2 centimetres (rim)
  • Curator's comments

    The analysis of the metal shows that the vase was made of a fine bronze alloy, certainly the earliest example of the use of bronze in Egypt known so far. The spout, however, consists of arsenical copper.

    Bibliography:
    W. M. F. Petrie, 'Royal Tombs of the Earliest Dynasties' II, pl. IX, 13.

    All the known vases of this type with the double spout belong to the Late Second or Early Third Dynasty. See W. M. F. Petrie, 'Royal Tombs of the Earliest Dynasties' II, pl.IX. 13-14; W. M. F. Petrie, 'Funeral Furniture with Stone and Metal Vases' (London, 1937), pl.XXXIX, 4; J. E. Quibell, 'Excavations at Saqqara, 1912-1914: Archaic Mastabas’ (Cairo, 1923), pl.XXXIII. 4, lower; E. Amélineau, ‘Les Nouvelles Fouilles d’Abydos’ II, (1896-7), 191-2; J. de Morgan, ‘Recherches sur les Origines de l’Égypte II (Paris, 1896-7), 249, figs. 828-9; J. Garstang, 'Maḥâsna and Bêt Khallâf' (London, 1989) , pl.XX, bottom centre; J. Garstang, Tombs of the third Egyptian dynasty at Reqâqnah and Bêt Khallâf (Westminster, 1904), pl.6; G. Brunton, 'British Museum expedition to Middle Egypt, 1929-1931 Matmar' (London, 1948), pl.XXIII, 22; F. W. von Bissing, 'Metallgefässe', nos. 3436, 3438; V. G. Hilton-Price, 'Catalogue of Egyptian Antiquities in the possession of V. G. Hilton-Price' (London, 1897), no. 3751. Form copied in stone; J. Garstang, 'Maḥâsna and Bêt Khallâf' (London, 1989), pl.XXI, 10; C. M. Firth and J. E. Quibell, 'Excavations at Saqqara : the Step Pyramid' II (Cairo, 1935), pl.104, 3. Same form with single spout (continues in use in Old Kingdom); W. M. F. Petrie, 'Funeral Furniture with Stone and Metal Vases' (London, 1937), pl.XXXIX, 3, 5; W. M. F. Petrie, 'Sedment' I (London, 1924), pls. 1, 2; W. M. F. Petrie, 'Sedment' II (London, 1924), 3; W. M. F. Petrie, 'Sedment' III, 24; G. Brunton, 'Qau and Badari' I (London, 1927), pl.XVIII, 10; J. E. Quibell, 'Excavations at Saqqara, 1912-1914: Archaic Mastabas’ (Cairo, 1923), pl.XXXIII, upper; A. C. Mace in G. A. Reisner (ed.), 'The early dynastic cemeteries of Naga-ed-Dêr' II, (California, 1908), 47-8, fig. 109 and pl.47a; G. A. Reisner, 'The early dynastic cemeteries of Naga-ed-Dêr' III, (California, 1908), 154, fig. 55; 214, fig. 126a and pi.35c; F. W. von Bissing, 'Metallgefässe', nos. 3426-8, 3471, 3473, 3475-7; E. Amélineau, ‘Les Nouvelles Fouilles d’Abydos’ II, (1896-7), pl.XVII, 14; Z. Y. Saad, 'The excavations at Helwan art and civilization in the first and second Egyptian dynasties' (Norman, 1969), pl.39.
    Petrie, Royal Tombs II, 12, 27, pl.IX, 13;
    J. Spencer in N. Strudwick, Masterpieces of Ancient Egypt, London 2006, pp. 44-5.

    More 

  • Bibliography

    • Spencer 1980 596 bibliographic details
    • Strudwick 2006 p.44 bibliographic details
  • Location

    On display: G64/dc11

  • Condition

    fair (incomplete -hole in side, corroded)

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1901

  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number

    EA35571

  • Registration number

    1901,1012.71

Deep copper bowl with a double spout, convex sides and a flat base.

Deep copper bowl with a double spout, convex sides and a flat base.

Image description

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Object reference number: YCA10977

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