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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Description

    A bound set of the twice weekly newspaper 'Gazeta de Madrid', containing numbers 1 to 105 from 1 January to 31 December 1799 (though with a considerable number of issues missing). On p.132 (for 19th February) is the announcement of the sale of the set of Goya's 'Caprichos'.
    Letterpress, bound in contemporary half-leather with marbled boards


  • School/style

  • Date

    • 1799
  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 203 millimetres
    • Width: 145 millimetres (each page approx.)
  • Location

    Goya cupboard

  • Associated names

  • Associated titles

    • Associated Title: Los Caprichos
  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Prints & Drawings

  • Registration number


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Object reference number: PPA148042

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