What just happened?

To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site

 

Collection online

Additional options
Production date to

Or search by

Searching...

oil painting

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    Painting.68

  • Description

    Portrait of unknown Pope or Cardinal, probably Innocent XI (1611-89), Pope (1676-89). H.L., turned half-r., eyes looking full; wearing crimson velvet cap and mantle

  • Producer name

  • Date

    • 17thC
  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 28.6 centimetres
    • Width: 22.9 centimetres
  • Curator's comments

    Although listed in the Museum’s records as ‘unknown pope or Cardinal’, this is almost certainly a portrait of Pope Innocent XI (1611-89) since it is similar to other portraits known to be of him.
    Born into a banking family as Benedetto Odescalchi, he studied civil law and then became involved with the papal court. He was appointed bishop of Novara in 1650. Although a strong candidate, he was not elected Pope until 1676 because of opposition from the French King Louis XIV. During his papacy Turkish expansion into Europe was halted at the Siege of Vienna (1683), there was conflict with France over the primacy of Church or state and a great migration of Huguenots took place from France when Louis XIV revoked the Edict of Nantes (although the Pope is said to have opposed this).

    The donor, the Rev Andrew Gifford, gave the Museum around 28 portraits. This is thought to be one of “Two pictures of Popes” presented 3 July 1761.
    The P&D Registry entry made by Croft Murray states that this is Pope Innocent XI.

    The portrait appears in the List of Portraits ....(1842). In the 1879 list it is noted that 'this painting has been transferred to the Print Room on account of its diminutive size'.

    More 

  • Bibliography

    • List of Portraits suspended on the Walls of the Eastern Zoological Gallery 108 (Listed 1842) bibliographic details
  • Location

    P&D Keeper's Office (Sheepshanks cabinet)

  • Exhibition history

    Eastern Zoological Gallery (1842)
    Print Room (1879)

  • Condition

    Cleaned by Dr H J Plenderleith, 1935.

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1761

  • Acquisition notes

    The donor, the Rev Andrew Gifford, a Baptist Minister, was in 1756 the Museum’s first numismatist and also the first Assistant Librarian in the Department of Manuscripts 1756-84. He was the donor of around 28 portraits, some of which were transferred to the National Portrait Gallery in 1879. This is thought to be one of “Two pictures of Popes” presented 3 July 1761.

  • Department

    Prints & Drawings

  • Registration number

    Painting.68

Portrait of unknown Pope or Cardinal, possibly Innocent XI (1611-89), Pope (1676-89). H.L., turned half-r., eyes looking full; wearing crimson velvet cap and mantle

Portrait of unknown Pope or Cardinal, possibly Innocent XI (1611-89), Pope (1676-89). H.L., turned half-r., eyes looking full; wearing crimson velvet cap and mantle

Image description

Recommend


Feedback

If you’ve noticed a mistake or have any further information about this object, please email: collectiondatabase@britishmuseum.org 

View open data for this object with SPARQL endpoint

Object reference number: PIC144346

British Museum collection data is also available in the W3C open data standard, RDF, allowing it to join and relate to a growing body of linked data published by organisations around the world.

View this object

Support the Museum:
donate online

The Museum makes its collection database available to be used by scholars around the world. Donations will help support curatorial, documentation and digitisation projects.

About the database

The British Museum collection database is a work in progress. New records, updates and images are added every week.

More about the database 

Supporters

Work on this database is supported by a range of sponsors, donors and volunteers.

More about supporters and how you
can help  

Loading...