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- Malkos Raga
Painting from an album bound in red silk designed fabric containing a complete set of Jaipur 19th century Ragamala paintings.
This Raga must have originated from Malwa, hence the name Malvakos, which was further simplified to Malkos. The hero loves music and the scene is that of a musical concert. The setting is on a carpeted terrace with ornate pavilion in the background. The loving couple are seated in close proximity and gaze into each others eyes. They are entertained by three lady musicians seated in front of them to the left of the terrace. Behind the couple stand four lady attendants holding accoutrements of fly whisk and a vessel containing perhaps betelnut, which is enjoyed while listening to music. The nayaka wears a simple white jama and an ornate red and gold turban with orange and gold bordered shawl, while the nayika is sumptuously clad in hot pink and gold ghagra, yellow choli and pink and gold bordered odhni. The lady attendants are costumed in rich colours of lilac, green, yellow, orange and bright pink with thick gold borders on skirts and veils.
- Made in: Rajasthan
- (Asia,South Asia,India,Rajasthan)
- Height: 31.7 centimetres (page)
- Width: 24.2 centimetres
- Height: 24.6 centimetres (painting including all margins)
- Width: 20 centimetres
Inscription Languagebraj bhasa
Inscription CommentTranslation not available in Gangoly, O.C.'Ragas and Raginis.'
Inscription PositionFront cover of Album
Inscription Languagelocal dialect, probably Rajasthani
Inscription Transliteration(Difficult to transliterate the beginning. Text unclear). - - Pana muraqqo pame 36. Labar 2.
Inscription Translation( -? - ). Album has 36 folios. Number 2.
Inscription CommentThe text inscribed above each illustration is attributed to a poet named Lal by the scholar Ebeling, K. in 'Ragamala Painting' and most translations have been verified by matching the original with the brajbhasa texts in O.C.Gangoly's book 'Ragas and Raginis, Vol.2.' Some have been translated with the help of Dr. Rupert Snell from the School of Oriental and African Studies, London.
The series is a complete one of thirty six based on the 'standardized painters system' existing in Jaipur during the 19th century. Black ink floral sprays on first and last pages.
Jaipur 19th century Ragamala paintings characteristically depict text in enclosed decorative panels or cartouches on top of each painting. (Ebeling, K., 'Ragamala Painting', 1973. Pg.228, illustration 148.) The rasa is sambhoga sringara or love in union.
- Associated with: Ganges, River
- (Asia,India,River Ganges)
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Object reference number: RFI35316
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