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Hindola Raga

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1999,1202,0.2.13

  • Title (object)

    • Hindola Raga
  • Description

    Painting from an album bound in red silk designed fabric containing a complete set of Jaipur 19th century Ragamala paintings.

    Hindola or festival of the swing is an ancient custom appropriated into the Kṛṣṇa cult. The personification of Hindola Raga therefore usually depicts Kṛṣṇa on a swing surrounded by lady musicians. In this painting Kṛṣṇa and Rādhā gaze at each other while seated on a swing surrounded by lady musicians. The blue skinned Kṛṣṇa seated in lalita asana is clad in a yellow dhoti, wears an ornate gold turban with a peacock feather, his right hand lovingly thrown over Rādhā's shoulders, his left pulling at a red rope that aids in swinging. Rādhā seated to the left of Kṛṣṇa holds a red rope in her right hand, her left behind her Lord. Lady attendants clothed in colourful costumes with a lavish use of gold on either side of the holy couple sing, play musical instruments, aid in the swinging and fan Rādhā and Kṛṣṇa. The ornate gold frame of the swing has a marvellous peacock seated on the centre of the frame -- on either side are two peahens, symbols of the monsoon season and of love. The sky is filled with perfectly rounded blue clouds outlined in gold paint. The swing stands on a terrace bordered by green foliage on an aquamarine and gold patterned carpet. Two vases filled with flowers stand, symbolic of love in union, on a lilac and gold table in the centre foreground.

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  • School/style

  • Date

    • 19thC(early)
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 32 centimetres (page)
    • Width: 24.1 centimetres
    • Height: 24.7 centimetres (painting including all margins)
    • Width: 19.5 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Script

        Devanagiri
      • Inscription Position

        Front cover of Album
      • Inscription Language

        local dialect, probably Rajasthani
      • Inscription Transliteration

        (Difficult to transliterate the beginning. Text unclear). - - Pana muraqqo pame 36. Labar 2.
      • Inscription Translation

        ( -? - ). Album has 36 folios. Number 2.
      • Inscription Comment

        The text inscribed above each illustration is attributed to a poet named Lal by the scholar Ebeling, K. in 'Ragamala Painting' and most translations have been verified by matching the original with the brajbhasa texts in O.C.Gangoly's book 'Ragas and Raginis, Vol.2.' Some have been translated with the help of Dr. Rupert Snell from the School of Oriental and African Studies, London.
      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Script

        Devanagiri
      • Inscription Position

        top
      • Inscription Language

        braj bhasa
      • Inscription Comment

        Translation not available in Gangoly, O.C., 'Ragas and Raginis'.
  • Curator's comments

    The series is a complete one of thirty six based on the 'standardized painters system' existing in Jaipur during the 19th century. Black ink floral sprays on first and last pages.
    Jaipur 19th century Ragamala paintings characteristically depict text in enclosed decorative panels or cartouches on top of each painting. (Ebeling, K., 'Ragamala Painting', 1973. Pg.228, illustration 148.) The rasa is purva raga, that of preliminary and introductory experiences before leading to love in union. The type of hero in Hindola Raga suggested in all texts is a clever lover, while Radha is a parakiya heroine, one who is experienced but not married to the hero.

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  • Bibliography

    • Ahluwalia 2008 pp. 34-35, fig. 15 bibliographic details
  • Condition

    Good

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Associated places

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1999

  • Department

    Asia

  • Registration number

    1999,1202,0.2.13

Painting from an album bound in red silk designed fabric containing a complete set of Jaipur 19th century Ragamala paintings. 

Hindola or festival of the swing is an ancient custom appropriated into the K???a cult. The personification of Hindola Raga therefore usually depicts K???a on a swing surrounded by lady musicians. In this painting K???a and Radha gaze at each other while seated on a swing surrounded by lady musicians. The blue skinned K???a seated in lalita asana is clad in a yellow dhoti, wears an ornate gold turban with a peacock feather, his right hand lovingly thrown over Radha's shoulders, his left pulling at a red rope that aids in swinging. Radha seated to the left of K???a holds a red rope in her right hand, her left behind her Lord. Lady attendants clothed in colourful costumes with a lavish use of gold on either side of the holy couple sing, play musical instruments, aid in the swinging  and fan Radha and K???a. The ornate gold frame of the swing has a marvellous peacock seated on the centre of the frame -- on either side are two peahens, symbols of the monsoon season and of love. The sky is filled with perfectly rounded blue clouds outlined in gold paint. The swing stands on a terrace bordered by green foliage on an aquamarine and gold patterned carpet. Two vases filled with flowers stand, symbolic of love in union, on a lilac and gold table in the centre foreground.

Painting from an album bound in red silk designed fabric containing a complete set of Jaipur 19th century Ragamala paintings. Hindola or festival of the swing is an ancient custom appropriated into the K???a cult. The personification of Hindola Raga therefore usually depicts K???a on a swing surrounded by lady musicians. In this painting K???a and Radha gaze at each other while seated on a swing surrounded by lady musicians. The blue skinned K???a seated in lalita asana is clad in a yellow dhoti, wears an ornate gold turban with a peacock feather, his right hand lovingly thrown over Radha's shoulders, his left pulling at a red rope that aids in swinging. Radha seated to the left of K???a holds a red rope in her right hand, her left behind her Lord. Lady attendants clothed in colourful costumes with a lavish use of gold on either side of the holy couple sing, play musical instruments, aid in the swinging and fan Radha and K???a. The ornate gold frame of the swing has a marvellous peacock seated on the centre of the frame -- on either side are two peahens, symbols of the monsoon season and of love. The sky is filled with perfectly rounded blue clouds outlined in gold paint. The swing stands on a terrace bordered by green foliage on an aquamarine and gold patterned carpet. Two vases filled with flowers stand, symbolic of love in union, on a lilac and gold table in the centre foreground.

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