- Bhairavi Ragini
Painting from an album bound in red silk designed fabric containing a complete set of Jaipur 19th century Ragamala paintings.
A Ragamala painting of Bhairavi ragini usually depicts Pārvatī worshipping Śiva in his lingam form in a shrine. Here the shrine is set in the middle of a lotus filled lake, the waters representing the sacred Ganges whose waters run through Śiva's locks. The shrine with Rajput styled chhatri (dome) is lavishly painted in a gold design and is set on an orange and gold carpeted terrace surrounded by blue and gold railings. An orange streaked and white clouded sky forms the far horizon together with diminutively scaled greenery and a golden pavilion in the right background. The left background is filled by a tree behind the shrine whose each leaf is outlined in brilliant gold paint. The shrine houses a linga set in a yoni capped by an ornate linga cover. Bhairavi sits directly in front of the shrine in a worshipping pose of hand to breast, singing bhajans (devotional hymns) or chanting mantras (sacred verses) in praise of Śiva. A green and gold halo surrounds her head. She is garbed in a gold, brown and blue flecked ghagra, yellow choli and royal blue odhni with rich red and gold borders. Utensils of worship lie beside her. Her lady attendant wearing yellow stands respectfully behind her holding her prayer beads and utensils bearing unguents used to adorn the linga while worshipping. A young Brahmin sits praying on the extreme left of the terrace in the immediate foreground.
- Made in: Rajasthan
- (Asia,South Asia,India,Rajasthan)
- Height: 32 centimetres (page)
- Width: 24 centimetres
- Height: 24 centimetres (painting including all margins)
- Width: 19.3 centimetres
Inscription Languagebraj bhasa
Inscription CommentTranslation of verse not found in Gangoly, O.C., 'Ragas and Raginis'.
Inscription PositionFront cover of Album
Inscription Languagelocal dialect, probably Rajasthani
Inscription Transliteration(Difficult to transliterate the beginning. Text unclear). - - Pana muraqqo pame 36. Labar 2.
Inscription Translation( -? - ). Album has 36 folios. Number 2.
Inscription CommentThe text inscribed above each illustration is attributed to a poet named Lal by the scholar Ebeling, K. in 'Ragamala Painting' and most translations have been verified by matching the original with the brajbhasa texts in O.C.Gangoly's book 'Ragas and Raginis, Vol.2.' Some have been translated with the help of Dr. Rupert Snell from the School of Oriental and African Studies, London.
The series is a complete one of thirty six based on the 'standardized painters system' existing in Jaipur during the 19th century. Black ink floral sprays on first and last pages.
Jaipur 19th century Ragamala paintings characteristically depict text in enclosed decorative panels or cartouches on top of each painting. (Ebeling, K., 'Ragamala Painting', 1973. Pg.228, illustration 148.) The rasa is devotional.
- Associated with: Ganges, River
- (Asia,India,River Ganges)
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Object reference number: RFI35311
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