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The month of Ashadha. June/July.

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Title (object)

    • The month of Ashadha. June/July.
  • Description

    Painting from an album bound in red striped fabric containing 14 miniatures; with 11 Baramasa (Song of the seasons) paintings (paintings 2 to 12), 1 from Mewar, 2 from thikanas. Opaque watercolour on paper.

    This is the month preceding the rainy season when the stifling heat quells all vigorous activity. The nayaka and nayika languidly listen to music while lady attendants fan them. Viṣṇu and Lakṣmī sleep on ananta or shesha, the serpent, and ascetics are shown worshipping indoors in the shade.


  • Date

    • 1700-1725 (circa)
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 28.7 centimetres (painting including grey and white margins.)
    • Width: 19.8 centimetres (painting including grey and white margins)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

        first page
      • Inscription Language

      • Inscription Comment

        Mentions 12 baramasa paintings, the first painting is wrongly included
      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

      • Inscription Language

        braj bhasa
      • Inscription Translation

        Strong winds blow in this month. In such weather only a man of feeble mind will depart leaving wife and home. Even the mendicants use only one asana (yogic position) these days, that is they avoid going from place to place to beg. Birds do not leave their nests. Lord Visnu and Lakshmi spend their time in bed. The poet Keshavdas says that even the sacred Vedas (the word here is sruti meaning that which is heard, referring to the most sacred and ancient books of the Hindus) and gathas (old stories) do not speak of anyone leaving home in this month.
      • Inscription Comment

        Verse from poet Keshavdas' Baramasa (song of the seasons).
  • Curator's comments

    Paintings 2 to 12: The Maharajas of Amber (later Jaipur) served under Mughal armies in the Deccan for prolonged periods of time. This may have led to Deccani influences in their works. See Ebeling, K. 1973, p.79 and Pratapaditya Pal, 'Pleasure Gardens of the Mind, Indian Paintings from the Jane Greenough Green Collection', Los Angeles, 1993, p.105, for examples of Amber paintings from this period.


  • Bibliography

    • Pal 1993 bibliographic details
    • Ebeling 1973 bibliographic details
  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Associated titles

    • Associated Title: Baramasa
  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department


  • Registration number


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Object reference number: RFI35255

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