The month of Phalgun. February/March.
- The month of Phalgun. February/March.
Painting from an album bound in red striped fabric containing 14 miniatures; with 11 Baramasa (Song of the seasons) paintings (paintings 2 to 12), 1 from Mewar, 2 from thikanas. Opaque watercolour on paper.
The festival of holi is celebrated in the month of Phalgun (February/March) with great joy. Men and women are sprinkling coloured powder on each other. Coloured powder in shades of lavender and purple cover the earth. In the background the nayika (heroine) pleads with her lover not to leave in this festive season.
- 1700-1725 (circa)
- Made in: Amber (?)
- Height: 29 centimetres (painting including grey and white margins.)
- Width: 19.5 centimetres (painting including grey and white margins)
Inscription Languagebraj bhasa
Inscription TranslationRich and poor make merry without a care in the world. Speech is free and unrestrained. Young men and women in every home play holi with great abandon, snatching at each others garments and smearing each others faces with coloured powder. The fragranceof the scented powders (gulal, abira etc.) fill the air. The nayika (heroine) says to the nayaka (hero), 'In such a season of merrymaking, you should not think of leaving home, my love.'
Inscription CommentVerse from poet Keshavdas of Orccha's (samvat 1612-1674) poetry on Baramasa. Translation taken from Dwivedi, V.P., 'Barahmasa. The Song of Seasons in Literature and Art.' Agam Kala Prakashan.
Inscription Positionfirst page
Inscription CommentMentions 12 baramasa paintings, the first painting is wrongly included
Paintings 2 to 12: The Maharajas of Amber (later Jaipur) served under Mughal armies in the Deccan for prolonged periods of time. This may have led to Deccani influences in their works. See Ebeling, K. 1973, p.79 and Pratapaditya Pal, 'Pleasure Gardens of the Mind, Indian Paintings from the Jane Greenough Green Collection', Los Angeles, 1993, p.105 for examples of Amber paintings from this period. The paintings in this series are executed in the traditional Indian mode of visualizing space in horizontal bands or registers. There is no sense of realism and no spatial perspective whatsoever. The shaded sky and persianate railing are Mughal influences. The attenuated male figures and graceful females clothed in pale lavenders, dull greys and greens, though not as heavily shaded as popular Mughal prototypes are nevertheless derived from that idiom. The soft palette reminds one of Deccani painting particularly in the use of the colour lavender, a colour derived from Deccani painting.
- Associated Title: Baramasa
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Object reference number: RFI35247
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