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The month of Pausha. December/January

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Title (object)

    • The month of Pausha. December/January
  • Description

    Painting from an album bound in red striped fabric containing 14 miniatures; with 11 Baramasa (Song of the seasons) paintings (paintings 2 to 12), 1 from Mewar, 2 from thikanas. Opaque watercolour on paper.

    The cold month of Pausha is illustrated here. A man and woman wrapped in shawls warm themselves in front of an open stove; the bed inside the pavilion is covered with a cotton filled quilt. The man in the room in the centre of the painting is being massaged with oil while an attendant holds his shawls. A stove heats the room; utensils holding oil and other unguents for massage lie on the floor.


  • Date

    • 1700-1725 (circa)
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 28.8 centimetres (painting including grey and white margins.)
    • Width: 19.8 centimetres (painting including grey and white margins)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

      • Inscription Language

        braj bhasa
      • Inscription Translation

        In the month of Pausha, cold water, dress, food or house are disliked. The earth and sky have become cold. In this season, rich and poor alike enjoy oil massage, cotton (cotton filled or warm clothes), betel chewing, fire (to warm the room), sunshine and the company of young women. In this month the days are short and the nights long and dark. This is no time to quarrel with one's lover (meaning this is a time for union with one's lover). Keeping this in mind the nayika asks her beloved not to leave her in the month of Pausha.
      • Inscription Comment

        Verse from poet Keshavdas' Baramasa (song of the seasons).
      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

        first page
      • Inscription Language

      • Inscription Comment

        Mentions 12 baramasa paintings, the first painting is wrongly included
  • Curator's comments

    Paintings 2 to 12: The Maharajas of Amber (later Jaipur) served under Mughal armies in the Deccan for prolonged periods of time. This may have led to Deccani influences in their works. See Ebeling, K. 1973, p.79 and Pratapaditya Pal, 'Pleasure Gardens of the Mind, Indian Paintings from the Jane Greenough Green Collection', Los Angeles, 1993, p.105 for examples of Amber paintings from this period. The artist has used the hot red colour on the house to suggest the warmth that is craved for in this cold month. The bare landscape in the background projects the steely cold of India's winter in the northern areas. There are no festivities -- the only preoccupation being to keep warm and remain united with one's lover by keeping him home.


  • Bibliography

    • Ebeling 1973 bibliographic details
  • Subjects

  • Associated titles

    • Associated Title: Baramasa
  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department


  • Registration number


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Object reference number: RFI35249

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