What just happened?

To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site

 

Collection online

Additional options
Production date to

Or search by

Searching...

The month of Pausha. December/January

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1999,1202,0.1.4

  • Title (object)

    • The month of Pausha. December/January
  • Description

    Painting from an album bound in red striped fabric containing 14 miniatures; with 11 Baramasa (Song of the seasons) paintings (paintings 2 to 12), 1 from Mewar, 2 from thikanas. Opaque watercolour on paper.

    The cold month of Pausha is illustrated here. A man and woman wrapped in shawls warm themselves in front of an open stove; the bed inside the pavilion is covered with a cotton filled quilt. The man in the room in the centre of the painting is being massaged with oil while an attendant holds his shawls. A stove heats the room; utensils holding oil and other unguents for massage lie on the floor.

    More 

  • Date

    • 1700-1725 (circa)
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 28.8 centimetres (painting including grey and white margins.)
    • Width: 19.8 centimetres (painting including grey and white margins)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Script

        Devanagari
      • Inscription Position

        top
      • Inscription Language

        braj bhasa
      • Inscription Translation

        In the month of Pausha, cold water, dress, food or house are disliked. The earth and sky have become cold. In this season, rich and poor alike enjoy oil massage, cotton (cotton filled or warm clothes), betel chewing, fire (to warm the room), sunshine and the company of young women. In this month the days are short and the nights long and dark. This is no time to quarrel with one's lover (meaning this is a time for union with one's lover). Keeping this in mind the nayika asks her beloved not to leave her in the month of Pausha.
      • Inscription Comment

        Verse from poet Keshavdas' Baramasa (song of the seasons).
      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Script

        Devanagari
      • Inscription Position

        first page
      • Inscription Language

        hindi
      • Inscription Comment

        Mentions 12 baramasa paintings, the first painting is wrongly included
  • Curator's comments

    Paintings 2 to 12: The Maharajas of Amber (later Jaipur) served under Mughal armies in the Deccan for prolonged periods of time. This may have led to Deccani influences in their works. See Ebeling, K. 1973, p.79 and Pratapaditya Pal, 'Pleasure Gardens of the Mind, Indian Paintings from the Jane Greenough Green Collection', Los Angeles, 1993, p.105 for examples of Amber paintings from this period. The artist has used the hot red colour on the house to suggest the warmth that is craved for in this cold month. The bare landscape in the background projects the steely cold of India's winter in the northern areas. There are no festivities -- the only preoccupation being to keep warm and remain united with one's lover by keeping him home.

    More 

  • Bibliography

    • Ebeling 1973 bibliographic details
  • Subjects

  • Associated titles

    • Associated Title: Baramasa
  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1999

  • Department

    Asia

  • Registration number

    1999,1202,0.1.4

There is no image of this object, or there may be copyright restrictions

Image service:

Request new photography

Recommend


Feedback

If you’ve noticed a mistake or have any further information about this object, please email: collectiondatabase@britishmuseum.org 

View open data for this object with SPARQL endpoint

Object reference number: RFI35249

British Museum collection data is also available in the W3C open data standard, RDF, allowing it to join and relate to a growing body of linked data published by organisations around the world.

View this object

Support the Museum:
donate online

The Museum makes its collection database available to be used by scholars around the world. Donations will help support curatorial, documentation and digitisation projects.

About the database

The British Museum collection database is a work in progress. New records, updates and images are added every week.

More about the database 

Supporters

Work on this database is supported by a range of sponsors, donors and volunteers.

More about supporters and how you
can help  

Loading...