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The month of Margasirsa. November/December.

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Title (object)

    • The month of Margasirsa. November/December.
  • Description

    Painting from an album bound in red striped fabric containing 14 miniatures; with 11 Baramasa (Song of the seasons) paintings (paintings 2 to 12), 1 from Mewar, 2 from thikanas. Opaque watercolour on paper.

    The nayaka (hero) holds a sword and appears as if ready for departure, while the nayika (heroine) appears to be exhorting him not to leave. There are miniature figures of warriors in the foreground which appear to have no connection with the text whatsoever, unless they are symbolic of one's own struggle toward spiritual salvation. Lotus blossoms proliferate in the pond symbolising spiritual salvation for as the lotus rises above the muddy waters of a stagnant pond, so also must all humans strive to rise above the mundane.


  • Date

    • 1700-1725 (circa)
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 28.6 centimetres (painting including grey and white margins.)
    • Width: 20.2 centimetres (painting including grey and white margins)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

      • Inscription Language

        braj bhasa
      • Inscription Translation

        Of all the months in the year, Margasirsa is dearest to God. This is the month that can bring spiritual salvation. The poet Keshavdas says that ponds and river banks are full of flowers and the joyous sound of swans fill the air. The days are neither too hot nor too cold. How lucky it is to be with one's beloved in this month. The nayika beseeches her lover 'I pray you my love. Do not think of leaving in this month of Margasirsa.'
      • Inscription Comment

        Verse from Keshavdas' Baramasa (song of the seasons).
      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

        first page
      • Inscription Language

      • Inscription Comment

        Mentions 12 baramasa paintings, the first painting is wrongly included
  • Curator's comments

    Paintings 2 to 12: The Maharajas of Amber (later Jaipur) served under Mughal armies in the Deccan for prolonged periods of time. This may have led to Deccani influences in their works. See Ebeling, K. 1973, p.79 and Pratapaditya Pal, 'Pleasure Gardens of the Mind, Indian Paintings from the Jane Greenough Green Collection', Los Angeles, 1993, p.105 for examples of Amber paintings from this period.


  • Bibliography

    • Ebeling 1973 bibliographic details
  • Subjects

  • Associated titles

    • Associated Title: Baramasa
  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department


  • Registration number


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Object reference number: RFI35250

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