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The month of Kartika. October/November

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Title (object)

    • The month of Kartika. October/November
  • Description

    Painting from an album bound in red striped fabric containing 14 miniatures; with 11 Baramasa (Song of the seasons) paintings (paintings 2 to 12), 1 from Mewar, 2 from thikanas. Opaque watercolour on paper.

    The festival of Diwali, festival of lights, symbolising the triumph of good over evil is being celebrated in this painting. Oil lamps are lit at sunset. The two men in the foreground are bathing in the sacred Ganges in order to earn merit; a Brahmin seated in a pavilion worships his deity. Gambling during Diwali night is a ritual in order to propitiate Lakṣmī, Goddess of Wealth. The couple are gambling while playing chaupar, a popular Indian game.


  • Date

    • 1700-1725 (circa)
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 28.3 centimetres (painting including grey and white margins.)
    • Width: 20 centimetres (painting including grey and white margins)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

        first page
      • Inscription Language

      • Inscription Comment

        Mentions 12 baramasa paintings, the first painting is wrongly included
      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

      • Inscription Language

        braj bhasa
      • Inscription Translation

        Woods, gardens, rivers, earth and sky are clear and shine brightly, illuminated by small oil lamps used during the festival of Diwali. Days and nights are joyous with festivities; couples gamble. Walls and courtyards of every house are decorated with colourful paintings of Gods and Goddesses. Celestial light pervades the entire Universe and all men and women have love in their hearts. This is the month whereby religious merit can be earned by performing sacred baths, giving alms to the poor and worshipping God. Keshavdas says that the nayika implores her lover not to leave in the month of Kartika.
      • Inscription Comment

        Verse from Keshavdas' Baramasa.
  • Curator's comments

    Paintings 2 to 12: The Maharajas of Amber (later Jaipur) served under Mughal armies in the Deccan for prolonged periods of time. This may have led to Deccani influences in their works. See Ebeling, K. 1973, p.79 and Pratapaditya Pal, 'Pleasure Gardens of the Mind, Indian Paintings from the Jane Greenough Green Collection', Los Angeles, 1993, p.105 for examples of Amber paintings from this period.


  • Bibliography

    • Ebeling 1973 bibliographic details
  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Associated titles

    • Associated Title: Baramasa
  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department


  • Registration number


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Object reference number: RFI35251

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