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The month of Asoj or Asvina. September/October.

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Title (object)

    • The month of Asoj or Asvina. September/October.
  • Description

    Painting from an album bound in red striped fabric containing 14 miniatures; with 11 Baramasa (Song of the seasons) paintings (paintings 2 to 12), 1 from Mewar, 2 from thikanas. Opaque watercolour on paper.

    The nayaka (hero) is shown visiting the home of his beloved. He is welcomed and then shown seated next to the nayika in conversation with her. The foreground depicts a blue Brahmin worshipping the nine Durgas (Goddesses) while the Brahmins outdoors are performing pūjā to ancestors. The paper the Brahmin holds in his hand is probably a list of ancestral names, which he reads out and includes in the prayer. The worship of departed ancestral souls is called pitri paksha and performed in the month of Asvina. Viṣṇu plays the flute while Lakṣmī dances, a pictorial rendering faithful to the text. They are symbolic of the dance of creation as the earth is fresh and green with new, thriving plants owing to the last rains of the monsoons.


  • Date

    • 1700-1725 (circa)
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 29 centimetres (painting including grey and white margins.)
    • Width: 20.2 centimetres (painting including grey and white margins)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

        first page
      • Inscription Language

      • Inscription Comment

        Mentions 12 baramasa paintings, the first painting is wrongly included
      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

      • Inscription Language

        braj bhasa
      • Inscription Translation

        During this month the spirits of ancestors come down to earth to receive propitiations from people on earth. People worship the nine Durgas for success in life and salvation beyond. Kings accompanied by pandits (religious advisors) set out on tour to see their kingdoms. The poet Keshavdas says, the sky is clear after the rainy season and lotuses are in bloom. The moon illuminates the clear unclouded nights. Lord Visnu and his consort, Lakshmi dance a celestial dance. The nayika requests her lover not to leave her in this month which is perfect for making love.
      • Inscription Comment

        Verse from poet Keshavdas' Baramasa (song of the seasons).
  • Curator's comments

    Paintings 2 to 12: The Maharajas of Amber (later Jaipur) served under Mughal armies in the Deccan for prolonged periods of time. This may have led to Deccani influences in their works. See Ebeling, K. 1973, p.79 and Pratapaditya Pal, 'Pleasure Gardens of the Mind, Indian Paintings from the Jane Greenough Green Collection', Los Angeles, 1993, p.105, for examples of Amber paintings from this period.


  • Bibliography

    • Ebeling 1973 bibliographic details
  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Associated titles

    • Associated Title: Baramasa
  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department


  • Registration number


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Object reference number: RFI35252

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