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The month of Sravana

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1999,1202,0.5.5

  • Title (object)

    • The month of Sravana
  • Description

    One of a series of eight paintings bound in an album. The series are from a 'Baramasa' set or 'Songs of the seasons' providing visual imagery for Baramasa poetry. The main theme is that of nayakas' and nayikas' (lovers) love in union and in separation and their relationship with the months of the year.
    The monsoon season is depicted here with lush greenery, peacocks hidden amongst the trees and a black sky with swirls of grey threatening thunderclouds and gold curls of lightning. Krishna and Radha are seated on a carpeted terrace in a house occupying the entire left section of the illustration. Radha tempts her beloved to stay by offering sweet delicacies. The festival of Teej is being celebrated in the foreground. Women bearing a clay statue of a female Goddess (possibly Gauri) advance toward the lotus filled pond where the murti (icon) will be submerged. A cowherd and his cows stand on the banks of the pond, (a symbolic reference to Krishna as the cowherd,) which adds to the charm of the painting.

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  • School/style

  • Date

    • 1675-1700 (circa)
  • Production place

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 30.3 centimetres (page)
    • Width: 21.5 centimetres
    • Height: 25.7 centimetres (painting including black and white margins)
    • Width: 16.5 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Script

        Devanagiri
      • Inscription Position

        top
      • Inscription Language

        braj bhasa
      • Inscription Translation

        The poet Keshavdas says that during the month of Sravana the rivers meet the sea making a pleasant scene. Creepers, fresh after the rains cling to trees. There are lightning streaks in the sky and peacocks cry out happily. All lovers meet their beloveds in the month of Sravana. In this month one should certainly not even think of venturing outdoors.
      • Inscription Comment

        Poetry on Baramasa by Keshavdas of Orccha. Translation taken from Dwivedi, V.P., 'Barahmasa. the Song of Seasons in Literature in Art.' 1980.
      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Position

        front page
      • Inscription Content

        Album no.10
  • Curator's comments

    This series seems to be drawn, composed and coloured by one artist and is so similar to a Bundi Baramasa painting in Pal, P. 'Dancing to the Flute', p.88, as to suggest them belonging to the same series. The similarity in foliage depiction, architectural details such as the predominant use of white and green, patterning on walls and rooftops, Krishna's face presenting a distinctive profile with large Bundi eye and prominent nose in all paintings in this series point to the hand of one master artist. Krishna's crown on top of an orange turban is present in all of the paintings including the one in Pal, '97, which further corroborates these belonging to the same series. This early Bundi series has a vibrant spirit that is imparted by the interplay of brilliant colours, intense emotional cross currents between the lovers that convey the bhakti or devotion of the times, and a lyricism that makes the paintings come alive. The emphasis on diagonal lines impart movement; the lush vegetation and sensuous figures all contribute to the dynamic vibrancy of these works. The figures are modelled and shaded after Mughal painting to impart volume.

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  • Bibliography

    • Pal 1993 bibliographic details
    • Ahluwalia 2008 pp. 68-69, fig. 35 bibliographic details
    • Blurton 2006 pp.25,27 bibliographic details
  • Subjects

  • Associated titles

    • Associated Title: Baramasa
    • Associated Title: Songs of the Seasons
  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1999

  • Department

    Asia

  • Registration number

    1999,1202,0.5.5

One of a series of eight paintings bound in an album. The series are from a 'Baramasa' set or 'Songs of the seasons' providing visual imagery for Baramasa poetry. The main theme is that of nayakas' and nayikas' (lovers) love in union and in separation and their relationship with the months of the year.

The monsoon season is depicted here with lush greenery, peacocks hidden amongst the trees and a black sky with swirls of gray threatening thunderclouds and gold curls of lightning. Krishna and Radha are seated on a carpeted terrace in a house occupying the entire left section of the illustration. Radha tempts her beloved to stay by offering sweet delicacies. The festival of Teej is being celebrated in the foreground. Women bearing a clay statue of a female Goddess (possibly Gauri) advance toward the lotus filled pond where the murti (icon) will be submerged. A cowherd and his cows stand on the banks of the pond, (a symbolic reference to Krishna as the cowherd,) which adds to the charm of the painting.

One of a series of eight paintings bound in an album. The series are from a 'Baramasa' set or 'Songs of the seasons' providing visual imagery for Baramasa poetry. The main theme is that of nayakas' and nayikas' (lovers) love in union and in separation and their relationship with the months of the year. The monsoon season is depicted here with lush greenery, peacocks hidden amongst the trees and a black sky with swirls of gray threatening thunderclouds and gold curls of lightning. Krishna and Radha are seated on a carpeted terrace in a house occupying the entire left section of the illustration. Radha tempts her beloved to stay by offering sweet delicacies. The festival of Teej is being celebrated in the foreground. Women bearing a clay statue of a female Goddess (possibly Gauri) advance toward the lotus filled pond where the murti (icon) will be submerged. A cowherd and his cows stand on the banks of the pond, (a symbolic reference to Krishna as the cowherd,) which adds to the charm of the painting.

Image description

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Object reference number: RFI35242

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