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The month of Jyestha. May/June.

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1999,1202,0.5.6

  • Title (object)

    • The month of Jyestha. May/June.
  • Description

    One of a series of eight paintings bound in an album. The series are from a 'Baramasa' set or 'Songs of the seasons' providing visual imagery for Baramasa poetry. The main theme is that of nayakas' and nayikas' (lovers) love in union and in separation and their relationship with the months of the year.
    The bright scorching sun of summer is painted in a clear still blue sky. Krishna and Radha inebriated from the heat are fanned by lady attendants seated under what appears to be a thatched awning erected during the summer months to provide shade. In front of the terrace water fountains cool the seated couple. A lady attendant gestures invitingly to the bed chamber in which an ornate, gold covered bed with cushions await the lovers. In the foreground an elephant, tiger and birds all head toward a pond in order to cool themselves from the scorching heat, while a snake takes shelter under a bush. Beyond a garden wall men rest exhausted from the heat; another man and his bullock cart head for the well.

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  • School/style

  • Date

    • 1675-1700 (circa)
  • Production place

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 30.3 centimetres (page)
    • Width: 22.5 centimetres
    • Height: 26 centimetres (painting including black and white margins)
    • Width: 18.5 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Script

        Devanagiri
      • Inscription Position

        top
      • Inscription Language

        braj bhasa
      • Inscription Translation

        The sun is so bright and scorching that the five elements -- air, water, sky, earth and fire have become one, that is as hot as fire. The roads are deserted and the tanks are parched dry. Seeing that the elephants do not venture out. The cobra and lions sleep inside shelter in this weather. Powerful creatures become weak in this season and the whole world is at unrest. The poet Keshavdas says that the elders are of the opinion that one should not venture outdoors in this season.
      • Inscription Comment

        Poetry on Baramasa by Keshavdas of Orccha. Translation taken from Dwivedi, V.P., 'Barahmasa. The Song of Seasons in Literature and Art.' 1980.
      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Position

        front page
      • Inscription Content

        Album no.10
  • Curator's comments

    This series seems to be drawn, composed and coloured by one artist and is so similar to a Bundi Baramasa painting in Pal, P. 'Dancing to the Flute', p.88, as to suggest them belonging to the same series. The similarity in foliage depiction, architectural details such as the predominant use of white and green, patterning on walls and rooftops, Krishna's face presenting a distinctive profile with large Bundi eye and prominent nose in all paintings in this series point to the hand of one master artist. Krishna's crown on top of an orange turban is present in all of the paintings including the one in Pal, '97, which further corroborates these belonging to the same series. This early Bundi series has a vibrant spirit that is imparted by the interplay of brilliant colours, intense emotional cross currents between the lovers that convey the bhakti or devotion of the times, and a lyricism that makes the paintings come alive. The emphasis on diagonal lines impart movement; the lush vegetation and sensuous figures all contribute to the dynamic vibrancy of these works. The figures are modelled and shaded after Mughal painting to impart volume.

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  • Bibliography

    • Pal 1993 bibliographic details
    • Blurton 2006 p.21 bibliographic details
  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    6 August 2007

    Treatment proposal

    Mount

    Condition

    Unmounted

    Treatment details

    Mount - Overthrow - R

    Inlay - Slot

    About these records 

  • Subjects

  • Associated titles

    • Associated Title: Baramasa
    • Associated Title: Songs of the Seasons
  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1999

  • Department

    Asia

  • Registration number

    1999,1202,0.5.6

One of a series of eight paintings bound in an album. The series are from a 'Baramasa' set or 'Songs of the seasons' providing visual imagery for Baramasa poetry. The main theme is that of nayakas' and nayikas' (lovers) love in union and in separation and their relationship with the months of the year.

The bright scorching sun of summer is painted in a clear still blue sky. Krishna and Radha inebriated from the heat are fanned by lady attendants seated under what appears to be a thatched awning erected during the summer months to provide shade. In front of the terrace water fountains cool the seated couple. A lady attendant gestures invitingly to the bed chamber in which an ornate, gold covered bed with cushions await the lovers. In the foreground an elephant, tiger and birds all head toward a pond in order to cool themselves from the scorching heat, while a snake takes shelter under a bush. Beyond a garden wall men rest exhausted from the heat; another man and his bullock cart head for the well.

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Object reference number: RFI35243

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