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Flint Castle - Vessels Unloading / Liber Studiorum

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Title (object)

    • Flint Castle - Vessels Unloading

    Title (series)

    • Liber Studiorum
  • Description

    The seashore; a vessel unloading barrels onto carts drawn by horses on the right; men loading pack-horses on the beach on the left; a castle and two other vessels in the distance. 1807
    Mezzotint and etching

  • Producer name

  • School/style

  • Date

    • 1807
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 205 millimetres
    • Width: 287 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Content

        Lettered above the image with the initial "M" 1/16" from the top of the plate; lettered below the image: "Published as the Act directs by J.M.W. Turner Harley Street", "Drawn & Etched by J.M.W. Turner R.A." and "Engraved by C. Turner"; annotated on the verso in pen "3-1"
  • Curator's comments

    For more details about the dating of this print see 1862,0809.139; Forrester notes that Turner's own title for this subject in his notebooks, was "French Coast", cf. G. Forrester, Exhibition Catalogue, "Turner's 'Drawing Book'. The Little Liber", Tate, London 1996, no.4.

  • Bibliography

    • Finberg 4 (first state) bibliographic details
    • Rawlinson 4 (first published state) bibliographic details
    • Whitman 866.I bibliographic details
  • Location

    British Masters Portfolio

  • Exhibition history

    2013-14 Nov-Apr, London, National Maritime Museum, 'Turner and the Sea'
    2014 Jun-Sep, Salem, Peabody Essex Museum, 'Turner and the Sea'

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    17 September 2013

    Reason for treatment


    Treatment proposal

    Lift. Remove debris and adhesive. Surface clean margins / support if neccessary. Hinge to mount.


    Cream coloured, medium weight, laid paper, cut at four edges. Heavy fibres and clumps within the sheet. Mezzotint and etching - black printing ink. Surface and handling dirt at margins. Plate mark crushed. Object hinged along entire left edge to mount backboard with white paper tape. The object is mounted within a Royal sized landscape overthrow window mount made from very thin and unsupportive mount board.

    Treatment details

    Hinge tape cut with scalpel to release object from mount. Margins and verso surface cleaned using Mars Staedtler grated eraser crumbs and a soft Hake brush. Image area surface cleaned using a soft Hake brush. Hinge tape and adhesive removed from verso using a 5% poultice of Culminal (non-ionic cellulose ether) and a micro spatula, cleared with filtered water dampened cotton wool swabs. Object humidified over Gortex and dampened capillary matting within a chamber. Object pressed between blotters and boards.

    Object mounted into a Royal overthrow of 3ply Heritage Conservation Board and hinged in using Japanese paper adhered with Culminal.

    About these records 

  • Associated places

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Prints & Drawings

  • Registration number


The seashore; a vessel unloading barrels onto carts drawn by horses on the right; men loading pack-horses on the beach on the left; a castle  and two other vessels in the distance.  1807
Mezzotint and etching



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Object reference number: PPA113182

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