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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Man's waistcoat (farmala) made of natural-coloured cotton with weft-faced stripes in green-gold, yellow and pink silk. Waistcoat has single shoulder fastening comprising two wooden buttons and black silk cord loops. High, rounded neckline decorated at front and back with bands of black silk cord. Deep arm holes, side vents and hem all edged in black silk cord. Lined with beige cotton cloth, neckline reinforced on inside with yellow cotton tape decorated with blue zigzag pattern. Concealed pockets at front and back with crescent-shaped openings edged with black silk cord.


  • Date

    • 20thC(late)
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 56 centimetres
    • Width: 49.5 centimetres
  • Condition

    Fair; surface of waistcoat is worn in places, silk has been abraded, lining torn at armholes and worn at shoulders.

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1998 (25 February)

  • Acquisition notes

    This fieldwork collection was purchased, together with Af1998,02-03, using BP (British Petroleum) sponsorship in February-March 1998.

  • Department

    Africa, Oceania & the Americas

  • Registration number


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Object reference number: EAF72499

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