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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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The Crucifixion and the martyrdom of the Apostles

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Title (series)

    • The Crucifixion and the martyrdom of the Apostles
  • Description

    Christ nailed to the cross; plate 1; on full sheet; after Maarten de Vos.
    Engraving and letterpress

  • Producer name

  • School/style

  • Date

    • 1590 (circa)
  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 130 millimetres
    • Width: 98 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Content

        Lettered in margin "In cruce ... Christus". Below left in design "M. de Vos inven" and at right "Iulius Goltius sculpsit". Numbered below right "1". In letterpress on sheet below "Bibliot. Bossianæ Alexandrinæ". With inscription in pen and ink and numbered "1" at upper right.
  • Curator's comments

    From a series of fourteen plates (Hollstein 817-830; impressions in the BM 1863,0509.660 ...673).

  • Bibliography

    • Hollstein 817 (Maarten de Vos) bibliographic details
  • Location

    D+F Post-binder Large

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Prints & Drawings

  • Registration number


Christ nailed to the cross; plate 1; on full sheet; after Maarten de Vos. 
Engraving and letterpress



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Object reference number: PPA109839

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