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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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The reward of Labour and Diligence

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Title (series)

    • The reward of Labour and Diligence
  • Description

    Man born to toil; a female figure, labelled "Natura", with multiple breasts suckles a baby; a sphere with numerous tools, instruments and devices etc hovers over a landscape; full sheet (285.00 x 365.00 mm); after Heemskerck. 1572
    Engraving and letterpress

  • Producer name

  • School/style

  • Date

    • 1572
  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 210 millimetres
    • Width: 250 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Content

        Lettered below right "MHeemskerck Inventor / PGalle Excudebat" . Dated "1572" and numbered below centre "I". The figure at right labelled "Natura". Columns of letterpress in Latin "Ales ut ... Labores" and in French "Nature au monde ..." and Dutch "Natuere brengt ...".
  • Curator's comments

    From a set of six plates (New Hollstein 501-506; impressions in the BM 1875,0711.437 ...442).

  • Bibliography

    • New Hollstein (Dutch & Flemish) 303 (Phillips Galle) bibliographic details
    • New Hollstein (Dutch & Flemish) 501.I (Maarten van Heemskerck) bibliographic details
  • Location

    D+F Post-binder Extra Large

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Prints & Drawings

  • Registration number



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Object reference number: PPA103526

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