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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Chalcedony stamp-seal; bezel; engraved with two female figures facing, perhaps dancing.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 3rdC (or later)
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Type series

    • Bezel A
  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 1.1 centimetres (face)
    • Width: 1.2 centimetres (face)
    • Thickness: 0.4 centimetres
  • Bibliography

    • Bivar A D H 1969a CG 5, pl.8, p.66 bibliographic details
  • Subjects

  • Acquisition notes

    This collection number (1967,0220) is an arbitary date number applied to all seals in the Bivar catalogue of Sasanian stamp seals (Bivar A D H 1969a) whose original date number was unknown.

  • Department

    Middle East

  • BM/Big number


  • Registration number


Chalcedony stamp-seal; bezel; engraved with two female figures facing, perhaps dancing.



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Object reference number: WCO127291

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