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animal remains

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1987,0404.42

  • Description

    One right pig mandible with five inclusive teeth; one left mandible with four inclusive teeth and one loose tooth; one bag of left radius and ulna, unfused; left maxilla containing five teeth, with two loose tucks and two loose teeth (one M3); right maxilla in two pieces, one containing one tooth, the other containing three teeth, and three loose teeth; one bag of right metacarpals; one bag of foot bones, all unfused lower metacarpals; possible pelvis piece and two fragments; one bag of ribs; one bag containing left humerus and scapula; one bag containing right humerus, radius and ulna; four bags of miscellaneous bone fragments.

    The maxillae have unworn premolars with M¹ on wear, M² in wear and M³ unerupted; the mandibles show very similar development: unworn premolars, M1 in wear (stage e), M2 in wear (stage b) and unerupted M3.

    Right and left forelimbs from scapula to feet: scapula (Fp), humerus (Fp+FSGd), radius (FSGp+UFd), ulna (UFp), distal end broken, carpals, metacarpals III and VI (UFd), medial and lateral first phalanges (UFp).

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  • Culture/period

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Weight: 79 grammes (right mandible)
    • Weight: 79 grammes (left mandible)
    • Weight: 34 grammes (left radius-ulna)
    • Weight: 86 grammes (left maxilla)
    • Weight: 83 grammes (right maxilla)
    • Weight: 18 grammes (right metacarpals)
    • Weight: 30 grammes (foot bones)
    • Weight: 29 grammes (possible pelvis)
    • Weight: 41 grammes (ribs)
    • Weight: 67 grammes (left humerus and scapula)
    • Weight: 83 grammes (right humerus, radius and ulna.)
    • Weight: 55 grammes (misc bone fragments.)
  • Curator's comments

    These pig bones were found in a grave in an Iron Age cemetery at Kirkburn in East Yorkshire. They were buried with a man who was in his early 20s to late 30s when he died. He was placed in the grave in a crouched position with his knees pulled towards his chest. A sword and scabbard were positioned behind his back. These pig remains were placed on his chest as part of the burial rite. As a final act before the grave was filled in, three spears were thrust into the man’s chest. This burial rite has been recorded in other graves from East Yorkshire and was part of the ceremonies associated with burial.

    Associated records:
    Human remains: 1987,0404.35
    Sword and scabbard: 1987,0404.2
    Spear-heads: 1987,0404.3-5

    Possibly associated:
    Iron nail: 1987,0404.48
    Pottery sherd: 1987,0404.49

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  • Bibliography

    • Stead 1991 p.224, K3 bibliographic details
  • Location

    Not on display

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1987

  • Department

    Britain, Europe and Prehistory

  • Registration number

    1987,0404.42

  • Additional IDs

    • KR/AZ (find/site code)
    • KR/BA (find/site code)
    • KR/BL (find/site code)

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Object reference number: BCB116123

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