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The martyrdom of Louis XVI, King of France.

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Title (object)

    • The martyrdom of Louis XVI, King of France.
  • Description

    Louis XVI (a portrait) stands alone on the scaffold, turning to the left and looking up, his right hand on his heart, his left hand raised. Behind (right) is the guillotine realistically drawn. In the background are bayonets, a flag, bugles, &c. There are heavy clouds but broad rays of light slant towards the King. Beneath, the title: 'I forgive my Enemies, I die Innocent!!!' 1 February 1793
    Hand-coloured etching and stipple


  • Producer name

  • School/style

  • Date

    • 1793
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 235 millimetres
    • Width: 208 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Content

        Lettered with title and subtitle: "I forgive my enemies, I die innocent!!!" Also artist's name and publication line: "I. Cruikshank Int" and "Pubd. Feby. 1. 1793 by S W Fores No. 3 Piccadilly"
  • Curator's comments

    (Description and comment from M.Dorothy George, 'Catalogue of Political and Personal Satires in the British Museum', VII, 1942)
    For the execution (21 Jan.) see Pierre de la Vaissière, 'La Mort du Roi', 1910; Sorel, 'L'Europe et la Rév. fr.' iii. 266-70; de Vinck, BMSats 5098-5232; Hennin, Nos. 11,427-11,460; Dayot, 'Rév. fr.', pp. 190-4. The King attempted to say a few words, but drums were at once beaten to drown them. See also BMSats 8292, &c., 8300, 8304, 8306, 8307, 8308, 8309, 8312, 8319, 8446, 8460, 8825, 9260, 9345.
    de Vinck, BMSats 5155, 5156 (plain and coloured).


  • Bibliography

    • De Vinck 1909-1967 5155 (de Vinck lists plain and coloured impressions as 5155 and 5156) bibliographic details
    • Krumbhaar 1966 711 bibliographic details
    • BM Satires 8297 bibliographic details
  • Location

    Not on display (British XVIIIc Mounted Roy)

  • Exhibition history

    1989 May-Sep, BM, Shadow of the Guillotine: Britain and French Revolution
    1990 Jan-Mar, Manchester, Whitworth AG, Britain and French Revolution
    1990 Jun-Sep, Vizille, Mus/Rev Francaise, Britain and French Revolution

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Department

    Prints & Drawings

  • Registration number


FOR DESCRIPTION SEE GEORGE (BMSat).  1793  Hand-coloured etching and stipple

FOR DESCRIPTION SEE GEORGE (BMSat). 1793 Hand-coloured etching and stipple

Image description



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Object reference number: PPA94989

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