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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Uncut pair of rectangular machine-printed cotton cloths, kanga, with a border of black cashew nut motifs on a red background enclosing a central design composed of a repeating pattern of alternate red and black cross motifs on an orange background. Maker's mark and, just above the centre of the lower border, inscription in Kiswahili.


  • Date

    • 2002
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Width: 110 centimetres
    • Length: 316 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Language

      • Inscription Content

      • Inscription Translation

        If you've done something wrong don't tell others, tell me.
      • Inscription Type

        maker's mark
      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

        lower edge
      • Inscription Content

        AVANI D.NO 3817
  • Curator's comments

    Kangas are printed and purchased in pairs, then cut into single cloths before wear.

  • Condition


  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Africa, Oceania & the Americas

  • Registration number



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Object reference number: EAF67109

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