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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Denomination

    • rupee
  • Description

    Silver coin.(obverse) Small leaf.
    (reverse) Small flower beside date and punch dagger.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 1785 (VS 1842)
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Weight: 10.9 grammes
    • Diameter: 20 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Position

      • Inscription Language

      • Inscription Content

        سری امرتسر ضرب
        سمبت مانوس میمنت جلوس
      • Inscription Transliteration

        Sri Amritsar zarb sambat manus maimanat julus.
      • Inscription Translation

        Struck at the illustrious Amritsar in the samvat year of the prosperous human reign.
      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Position

      • Inscription Language

      • Inscription Content

        دیگ تیغ و فتح نصرت بیدرنگ
        یافت از نانک گورگوبند سنگ
      • Inscription Transliteration

        Deg tegh o fath nusrat bedrang
        Yaft az Nanak Gur Gobind Singh
      • Inscription Translation

        Abundance, power and victory (and) assistance without delay are the gift of Nanak (and) Guru Gobind Singh.
      • Inscription Comment

        Gobind shahi couplet
  • Location


  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    8 March 2012

    Reason for treatment

    Permanent Exhibition

    Treatment proposal

    Light tarnish removal.


    The coin is in good condition. It has tarnished on both surfaces.

    Treatment details

    Surface tarnishing was lightly buffed/cleaned by polishing with Goddard's long term silver cloth (comp. unknown). The remaining residues were removed with White Spirit (composition variable - petroleum distillate) and Acetone (propan-1-one/dimethyl ketone). The aim was to create a contrast and make the inscriptions and the representations easily readable by the visitors.

    About these records 

  • Subjects

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Coins & Medals

  • Registration number


Silver coin
Small leaf.
Small flower beside date and small punch dagger.

Silver coin Small leaf. Small flower beside date and small punch dagger.

Image description



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Object reference number: COC192995

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