Earthenware (pottery) jug; brown fabric; narrow foot; flaring body; angled shoulders; cylindrical neck; two applied roughly gamma shaped handles; body and shoulder with incised grooves and lozenges; neck with two applied anthropomorphic motifs with painted detail; wheel-made; restored.
- Excavated/Findspot: Wadi Sarga, monastery
- (Africa,Egypt,Middle Egypt,Asyut,Wadi Sarga)
- Height: 29.6 centimetres
- Width: 20.5 centimetres
Strudwick N 2006
The pale colour of this anthropomorphic vessel shows that it was made from the marl clays of the desert rather than the silts of the Nile Valley. Like most pottery of the Coptic Period, it was wheel-made, with the decoration applied after the basic form was constructed. Although fairly coarse, this vessel would have been a suitable, if a little eccentric, item for household use.
The vessel's decoration is unusual in combining applied, incised, and painted techniques. Its neck has a face on either side. Clay has been added to the surface of the vessel and moulded to depict a stylized male face. Details of the eyelids and hair have been painted in black, using a striped and cross-hatched design. The edges of the face, brows, mouth, and nose are highlighted in red. These colours are often used together in the decoration of Coptic pottery.
The surface of the vessel's body is covered with incised decoration, both above and below the undulating 'pie-crust' shoulder. These patterns would have been made with a knife. The geometric pattern focuses on a concentric rhomboidal design in the centre, below the face, flanked by long diagonal lines. Four orange bands were added around the circumference of the vessel after the incisions had been made.
Usually, vessels made of the finer clays were incised, and the rougher wares were painted. The decorative range of expression on Coptic pottery is far wider than that seen in pharaonic times, and the styles used have a good measure of originality.
The settlement of Wadi Sarga, located about 24 km south of Asyut, was excavated by the Byzantine Research and Publication Fund in 1913-14, and the interruption caused by World War I effectively prevented publication of the site. It was a monastic settlement of some type, either a collection of hermit's cells or (more likely) a more centralized community. The cemeteries for the site were located outside the wadi.
N. Strudwick, Masterpieces of Ancient Egypt, London 2006, pp. 326-7.
4 April 2004
Reason for treatment
Clean surface.Remove all overfill and paint around restoration. Refill along break edges and repaint.
Previously restored,which is overfilled and painted and is coming away and there are cracks appearing.
Carefully swabbing with distilled water on cotton wool, I carefully took back the old plaster fill, as the object is heavily restored.Refilled with Modustuck and carefully sanded back.Painted with Acrylic paints, Liqitex, diluted with water applied with a sable brush.
Excavated 1913-1914 by Reginald Campbell Thompson on behalf of the Byzantine Research Fund.
Ancient Egypt & Sudan
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Object reference number: YCA32114
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