What just happened?

To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Collection online

Additional options
Production date to

Or search by


vessel / toy

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    A neck and head of a camel, a spout broken from a terracotta vessel or from a figure of the animal, with a narrow pouring-hole at the tip of the muzzle. A suspension-lug, now broken, was attached to the lower neck near its junction with the vessel or the camel's body, part of which remains, with throwing-marks oddly orientated, perhaps indicating that a camel-shaped pourer is more likely than a spouted pot (as does the suspension-lug). The neck and the main part of the head were wheel-thrown and manipulated to shape; the muzzle was added and pierced to form the spout and small lumpy eyes were applied. Purple-brown Nile silt with many small white inclusions. The exterior is coated with a cream-coloured slip, with facial and harness details in black and red fired-on ceramic colours.


  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 550-650 (circa)
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 9.1 centimetres
  • Curator's comments

    Terracotta IV
    Donated: Byzantine Research and Publication Fund (BRPF). Excavated by R. Campbell Thompson and F.A. Richards in 1913-14 at Wadi Sarga, 15 miles south of Asyut. [The same as registration no. 1919,0505.316.]

    Late Roman, about AD 550-650.

    Comparandum: Near: Petrie et al. 1910: pl. xl:44, from a house at Memphis probably to be dated between late Ptolemaic times and the third century AD.


  • Bibliography

    • Terracotta 3735 bibliographic details
  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Acquisition notes

    Excavated 1913-1914 by Reginald Campbell Thompson on behalf of the Byzantine Research Fund.

  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number


  • Registration number


Earthenware toy (?) or spout from a vessel; red fabric; head and neck of an animal decorated with painted designs in brown and orange; hollow.

Side : left

Earthenware toy (?) or spout from a vessel; red fabric; head and neck of an animal decorated with painted designs in brown and orange; hollow.

Image description



If you’ve noticed a mistake or have any further information about this object, please email: collectiondatabase@britishmuseum.org 

View open data for this object with SPARQL endpoint

Object reference number: YCA32447

British Museum collection data is also available in the W3C open data standard, RDF, allowing it to join and relate to a growing body of linked data published by organisations around the world.

View this object

Support the Museum:
donate online

The Museum makes its collection database available to be used by scholars around the world. Donations will help support curatorial, documentation and digitisation projects.

About the database

The British Museum collection database is a work in progress. New records, updates and images are added every week.

More about the database 


Work on this database is supported by a range of sponsors, donors and volunteers.

More about supporters and how you
can help