What just happened?

To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Collection online

Additional options
Production date to

Or search by


The minister in surprize

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Title (object)

    • The minister in surprize
  • Description

    The words on the tablet held by the demon are "The American Resolves are a Devil of a Dose". The papers on the table are inscribed "New Members" and "Civil List in Arrears". The books on the floor are "American Constitution" and "List of Pensioners". The crocodile and the figure with the head of a skull are absent. The minister is the same except that he has no ribbon and star. The "American Resolves" may be the opposition to the Stamp Act which led to its repeal in 1766. For the succession of resolutions (1765-74) in the Colonies against trade with England see Schlesinger, 'The Colonial Merchants and the American Revolution', 1763-76. 1772 Etching


  • Producer name

  • School/style

  • Date

    • 1772
  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 173 millimetres
    • Width: 110 millimetres
  • Curator's comments

    (Description and comment from M.Dorothy George, 'Catalogue of Political and Personal Satires in the British Museum', V, 1935)
    Another and probably earlier version of BMSat 4960 reversed.

  • Bibliography

    • BM Satires 4964 bibliographic details
  • Location

    Satires British 1772 Unmounted Roy

  • Subjects

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Prints & Drawings

  • Registration number




Image description



If you’ve noticed a mistake or have any further information about this object, please email: collectiondatabase@britishmuseum.org 

View open data for this object with SPARQL endpoint

Object reference number: PPA71560

British Museum collection data is also available in the W3C open data standard, RDF, allowing it to join and relate to a growing body of linked data published by organisations around the world.

View this object

Support the Museum:
donate online

The Museum makes its collection database available to be used by scholars around the world. Donations will help support curatorial, documentation and digitisation projects.

About the database

The British Museum collection database is a work in progress. New records, updates and images are added every week.

More about the database 


Work on this database is supported by a range of sponsors, donors and volunteers.

More about supporters and how you
can help