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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site

 

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scarab

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    EA66450

  • Description

    Glazed composition scarab. Simply modelled with clypeus, some feathering for legs in front, prothorax indicated by single lines, and double lines for elytra. Humeral callosities indicated by triangular nicks. Longitudinally pierced. Side view shows triangular indentation, and a leg either side.Base incised with representation of a lion walking to right, with sun-disc above back, and uncertain object in front. Greenish glaze overall, no core visible. Well made..

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  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 600 BC-570 BC
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 0.61 centimetres
    • Length: 1.3 centimetres
    • Width: 0.9 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Script

        cryptographic
      • Inscription Position

        base
      • Inscription Comment

        Cryptogram of the name Amun: sun-disk for i, lion for m, object at neck presumed for n.
  • Curator's comments

    The faience object was analysed by proton induced X-ray emission spectrometry (PIXE) under a 3 MeV energy proton beam for characterisation of the elemental chemical composition (major, minor and trace elements), in March 2014, by the Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des Musées de France (C2RMF).
    Scarabs with a lion motif depicted on the base belong to a standard group produced at the “Scarab Factory” (on its various productions, see Webb forthcoming). Petrie illustrates a number of different versions (Petrie 1886, Pl. XXXVII, 34-45). This type was widely distributed in the Mediterranean area (Gorton 1996, 93, 95-96, type XXVIII A, see especially A6-8 for this piece).

    Petrie, W.M.F. 1886, Naukratis. Part I., 1884–5 (third memoir of the Egypt Exploration Fund), London, Pl. XXXVII, 34-45.
    Gorton, A.F. 1996, Egyptian and Egyptianizing scarabs: a typology of steatite, faience, and paste scarabs from Punic and other Mediterranean sites, Oxford, 93, 95-96, type XXVIII A.
    Webb, V. forthcoming, Faience finds from Naukratis and their implication for the chronology of the site. How helpful are they in confirming its nature as a manufacturing and trading centre?, in R. Thomas (ed.), The Naukratis workshop, held at the British Museum 16th – 17th December 2011.

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  • Bibliography

    • Petrie 1886 pl. XXXVII, no. 34 (Gorton 1996, Type XXVIII, Group A, 6,7.) bibliographic details
  • Condition

    fair

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1886

  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number

    EA66450

  • Registration number

    1886,0401.1621

Glazed composition scarab, elytra marked with humeral callosities present, longitudinally pierced, base decorated with representation of a lion with object at neck and sun-disk. Greenish glaze overall.

Glazed composition scarab, elytra marked with humeral callosities present, longitudinally pierced, base decorated with representation of a lion with object at neck and sun-disk. Greenish glaze overall.

Image description

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Object reference number: YCA34221

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