What just happened?

To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Collection online

Additional options
Production date to

Or search by



  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Pottery ostracon.

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Comment

        Ink. Totally illegible
  • Condition

    incomplete - destroyed by salt

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    7 July 2005

    Treatment proposal

    Remove salts, stabilize and reconstruct if possible


    Object destroyed by soluble salt action. Delaminated and cracked up into many fragments. Inscribtion seems to have gone completely.

    Treatment details

    Brushed salt flakes off surface of fragments using various brushes. Picked the harder crystals away with toothpick. Reassembled object as far as possible using HMG heatproof and waterproof adhesive (cellulose nitrate). Support filled two areas with putty made of glassmicrospheres and Paraloid B72 (ethyl methacrylate copolymer) in Acetone (propan-1-one/dimethyl ketone). Consolidated reverse surface as necessary using 5% PB 72 in acetone. Rewrote reg.no. with black Golden Acrylic Colours after applying an isolating layer of PB 72. Readhered old paper label with HMG.

    About these records 

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number


  • Registration number


There is no image of this object, or there may be copyright restrictions

Image service:

Request new photography



If you’ve noticed a mistake or have any further information about this object, please email: collectiondatabase@britishmuseum.org 

View open data for this object with SPARQL endpoint

Object reference number: YCA35114

British Museum collection data is also available in the W3C open data standard, RDF, allowing it to join and relate to a growing body of linked data published by organisations around the world.

View this object

Support the Museum:
donate online

The Museum makes its collection database available to be used by scholars around the world. Donations will help support curatorial, documentation and digitisation projects.

About the database

The British Museum collection database is a work in progress. New records, updates and images are added every week.

More about the database 


Work on this database is supported by a range of sponsors, donors and volunteers.

More about supporters and how you
can help