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Updated: 14 April 2015
Los Borrachos (The Drunkards) / Colección Real de Pintura
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- Los Borrachos (The Drunkards)
- Colección Real de Pintura
`The Drunkards` or `The Triumph of Bacchus`: Bacchus crowning a drunken man, surrounded by five men and two attendants, after Velázquez; still-life in the foreground, landscape in the background. Etching and engraving
- 1789-1800 (c)
- Published in: Madrid
- (Europe,Spain,Madrid (province),Madrid)
- Height: 470 millimetres
- Width: 610 millimetres (plate mark)
Inscription ContentLettered along bottom: Don Diego Velazquez lo pinto / Manuel del la Cruz lo dibuxó / Man.l Slavador Carmona lo grabó // Baco coronando á los Borrachos, pintado por D. Diego Velazquez de Silva, natural de Sevilla, Cabellero de la Órden de Santiago, Primer Pintor, / Ayuda de Cámara, y Aposentador mayor del Rey D. Felipe IIIo; admirable en la imitacion de la verdad y, en la soltura y libertad de su estilo. /Este Quadro, que es de su tiempo mediou, tiene de ancho siete pies de rey, y de alto cinco y pulgada y media está en el Real Palacio de Madrid.
Created under the Count of Floridablanca’s protection in 1789, a society was formed to publish paintings that belonged to the Royal collection (Compañía para grabar los cuadros de los Reales Palacios) continuing to 1800. It was supported by Manuel Godoy, who later became Prime Minister of Spain. The reason behind creating the company was as Godoy explained to promote the glory of the Spanish Old Masters that were little known outside Spain. The project had approval from Carlos IV who allowed access to the paintings so they could be drawn and then engravings produced. The search began to find the best engravers from within and outside Spain to make the prints. The Company operated for a decade and published 95 prints.
Salvador Carmona is regarded as the best engraver working in Madrid during the second half of eighteenth century and engraved five after the Spanish masters for the Company (J. Carrete Parrondo, El grabado a buríl en la España ilustrada: Manuel Salvador Carmona, Museo de la Casa de la Moneda, Madrid), 1989, nos 316-320). This print, engraved in 1793, reproduces Velázquez’s painting of Los Borrachos that was at the time in the Royal Palace in Madrid. The lettering running along the bottom of the print provides biographical details of Velázquez, that he was born in Seville, a knight of the Order of Santiago, and painter to Philip IV. The dimensions of the painting are provided as well as its location. Salvador Carmona made another print for the series after Velázquez of the Watercarrier of Seville. See M.P. McDonald, exhib.cat., BM, London, 'Renaissance to Goya: Prints and drawings from Spain', 2012, p.217.
Spanish XVIIIc Mounted Atlas
2012/13 Sept-Jan, London, British Museum, ‘Renaissance to Goya: Prints and Drawings from Spain’
2013, Aug-Nov, Sydney, AGNSW, 'Renaissance to Goya'
2013-4, Dec-Mar, Santa Fe, New Mexico Museum of Modern Art, 'Renaissance to Goya'
- Associated with: Seville
- (Europe,Spain,Andalucía,Seville (province),Seville (city))
Prints & Drawings
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Object reference number: PPA63831
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