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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Green glazed composition palm leaf pendant, with incised decoration and loop for suspension above.

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 1.69 centimetres (max)
    • Width: 0.52 centimetres (max)
    • Thickness: 0.22 centimetres (max)
  • Condition


  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    2 September 2013

    Treatment proposal

    Remove object from fabric coated wooden mount. Remove any adhesive residues. Apply collection numbers as appropriate.Bond fragments if detached.


    During the Faience survey 2009 salts were seen on the surface of objects. Analytical Request report AN2010-72 identified crystals as formate salts. Oddy testing confirmed that the wooden mounts covered in fabric are off gassing releasing formic acid. It has therefore been recommended that all objects mounted on this type of mount are removed. Objects are glued onto the mount, either with shellac or animal glue. Sometimes pinning and gluing has been used in combination. The majority of the objects are stable and require no further treatment however many require the application of the collection BIG number.

    Treatment details

    If the amulet was stuck to the mount, a scalpel was used to cut the amulet away from the mount with the fabric attached. If the amulet was pinned to the mount, the pins were gently lifted away from the amulet. Adhesive bonding the object to the fabric was softened by applying cotton wool on the reverse wetted with either I.M.S. (Industrial Methylated Spirits) or warm water as appropriate. Once softened the fabric was removed from the object and adhesive residues removed with either a scalpel or swabs as appropriate. If numbering was necessary a barrier layer of 20% Paraloid B72 (ethyl methacrylate copolymer) in acetone was applied in a discrete position. The BIG number was applied with a brush under magnification using either black or white ink (Aerocolor Professional acrylic ink).

    About these records 

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number


  • Registration number


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Object reference number: YCA37389

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