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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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photographic print

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Group portrait, outdoors. Eighteen adult males, fifteen African and three European, sitting on chairs. Europeans wearing uniforms. Some Africans wearing American clothing, others wearing cloths, jackets, head-gear. Africans holding staffs. Large group of adult male Africans behind seated males, wearing American clothing or uniforms. Five large umbrellas sheltering group. Medium: Black and white. Gelatin silver print (?). Format: Print mounted on gilt-edged card with rounded corners.


  • Ethnic name

  • Date

    • 1880-1905
  • Production place

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 16.22 centimetres (AF/A50/180)
    • Width: 21.5 centimetres (AF/A50/180)
    • Length: 12.7 centimetres (AF/CA50/180)
    • Width: 17.76 centimetres (AF/CA50/180)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Content

        Original Number: "No. 3" [manuscript note on front of card mount]. Original Description: "W.C. Africa" [stamp on front of card mount]. Original Inscription: "W. J. Sawyer" [stamp on front of card mount].
  • Curator's comments

    Cataloguer's Comments: The photographs and postcards donated by Lady Menendez were kept in boxes and envelopes. The umbrellas and staffs are signs of prestige, the latter given to the Ghanaians by the British. N F Barley, 21/11/1996. Geography: Location and ethnic group suggested by N F Barley, 21/11/1996. Circumstances: [MEN-] PIC DOC 12.


  • Subjects

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Acquisition notes

    Copyright: British Museum (?).

  • Department

    Africa, Oceania & the Americas

  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • AF/CA50/180


If you’ve noticed a mistake or have any further information about this object, please email: collectiondatabase@britishmuseum.org 

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Object reference number: EPF3753

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