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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Pottery jar with a small foot, a bulbous body with the sides narrowing to a small shoulder, a concave neck and a straight rim with a projecting ridge beneath it, one side of the body is indented and decorated with applied and incised features in the form of Bes, decorated with a buff-coloured slip.

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 16 centimetres
    • Diameter: 10 centimetres (maximum)
  • Condition


  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    23 November 1983

    Treatment proposal

    Clean and desalt.


    Dirty surface, possible soluble salts and encrustation.

    Treatment details

    Soaked in tap water. Encrustation removed with 10% Nitric acid applied with a pipette, rinsed in tap water. Then soaked in daily changes of tap water until conductivity reading has levelled out as with soluble salts. Dried in air. Encrustation dissolved.

    About these records 

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number


  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • BS.5098 (Birch Slip Number)

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Object reference number: YCA37852

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