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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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photographic print

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Africa [?], group of canoes in water. Adult males paddling canoes. Medium: Black and white.

  • Date

    • 1880-1905
  • Production place

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 6.43 centimetres
    • Width: 7.8 centimetres
  • Curator's comments

    Cataloguer's Comment: Prior to being stored in albums Af,A48, Af,A49 and Af,A50, the loose photographs and postcards donated by Lady Menendez were kept in boxes and envelopes. Geography: Ethnic group suggested by N F Barley, 21/11/1996. Circumstances: [MEN-] PIC DOC 12. Im Coll: Af,A50.157;Af,A50.158;Af,A50.159;Af,A50.160;Af,A50.162 Duplicate original photographic prints. British Museum Department of ethnography Pictorial Archive reference number.


  • Subjects

  • Associated places

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Acquisition notes

    Copyright: British Museum (?).

  • Department

    Africa, Oceania & the Americas

  • Registration number


Africa [?], group of canoes in water. Adult males paddling canoes. Medium: Black and white.

Africa [?], group of canoes in water. Adult males paddling canoes. Medium: Black and white.

Image description



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Object reference number: EPF3735

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