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papyrus

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    EA10274

  • Description

    A 12th Dynasty papyrus with literary texts on both recto and verso, in similar hands: The Tale of the Eloquent Peasant, and The Discourse of the Fowler (?). No other extensive copy of the verso text is known (although it may be the same as the Discourse of the Fowler on P. Moscow 1695), but the full copies of the Eloquent Peasant suggest that this must once have been a long roll. Both poems are (apparently) laments spoken by lowly members of society. The Fowler's laments concern the loss of the pastoral landscape, while the tale descibes the theft of a peasant's donkeys, which becomes the subject of a grand theodic complaint. The tale is regarded as one of the masterpieces of Middle Kingdom literature.

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  • Culture/period

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 13.7 centimetres
    • Length: 72 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Script

        Hieratic
      • Inscription Position

        both sides
      • Inscription Language

        Middle Egyptian
      • Inscription Comment

        On recto: Tale of the Eloquent Peasant On verso: lines 9-47 of unparalleled text, the Discourse of the Fowler
  • Curator's comments

    Published: Parkinson, Tale of the Eloquent Peasant (Oxford 1991) and Parkinson, 'The Discourse of the Fowler; Papyrus Butler verso (P BM EA 10274). JEA 90 (2004), 81-112.
    Translation: Parkinson, The Tale of Sinuhe and other Ancient Egyptian Poems 1940-1640 BC. (Oxford World's Classics 1999), 54-88.
    Parkinson, Reading Ancient Egyptian Poetry (Wiley-Blackwell 2009), 122, 127 n. 28, 166, 231, 261.

    See Rde: 6, 34, 12See R. B. Parkinson,     The Tale of the Eloquent Peasant: A Reader’s Commentary (LIng Aeg Stud Mon 10; Hamburg 2012).

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  • Condition

    Papyrus Survey: Condition Details: Papyrus Black ink Red ink Mount Details: Sandwich: glass Binding: self adhesive tape Object Priority: A Mount Priority: A Overall Condition: A Curatorial condition comment: fragmentary; top and bottom edges trimmed; surface more extensively damaged on verso, due to conservation in 1984 when remounted.

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

  • Associated titles

    • Title: Discourse of the Fowler
    • Title: Tale of the Eloquent Peasant
  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1840

  • Acquisition notes

    Lot 417 in 1835 sale.

  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number

    EA10274

  • Registration number

    .10274

Papyrus with literary texts on recto and verso: the Tale of the Eloquent Peasant, and the Discourse of the Fowler (?).

Front:Right Side

Papyrus with literary texts on recto and verso: the Tale of the Eloquent Peasant, and the Discourse of the Fowler (?).

Image description

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Object reference number: YCA39398

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