Fragmentary linen shroud with blank name spaces, with texts and vignettes from the Book of the Dead.
- Found/Acquired: Egypt
- Height: 52 centimetres (fragment 1 before conservation)
- Width: 90 centimetres (fragment 1 before conservation)
- Height: 56 centimetres (fragment 2 before conservation)
- Width: 80 centimetres (fragment 2 before conservation)
Inscription Scriptcursive hieroglyphic
Inscription LanguageMiddle Egyptian
Inscription CommentBook of the Dead : fragment 1 upper register Osiris and offering-table (part of same scene as fragment 2 upper register) - ch. 1 - 84 title with unidentified text and two bird vignettes ; middle register unidentified - Ra in bark with unidentified text - 81 - 56 - woman standing behind man adoring rows of deities (= 125 ?) ; lower register fragment of 126 vignette ; fragment 2 upper register woman behind man adoring at offering table (same scene as fragment 1 upper register) ; middle register 126 vignette (this joins lower register of fragment 1, indicating that a register awaits unravelling between upper and middle registers noted before conservation) ; lower register vignette of cattle and men dragging coffin on sledge ; bottom edge 150 (ie vignette of 149)
See M. Mueller-Roth, F. Weber in R. Lucarelli et al (ed.), Heraugehen am Tage: Gesammelte Schriften zum altaegyptischen Totenbuch (SAT 17; Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz 2012), p. 124-6
2010 4th Nov-2011 6th March, Round Reading Room BM, Book of the Dead
2012 7 July -17 September Mori museum, Tokyo & 6 October-25 November, Fukuoka Museum of Art, The Book of the Dead: Journey Through the Afterlife
6 August 2001
Reason for treatment
Straighten & back as necessary
The shroud was in two boxes in a very crumpled condition. There were two major fragments and many minor ones. It was impossible to tell the shape or extent of the original. The pigments were slightly friable. The linen was brittle and discoloured in places. Some of the Egyptian blue had damaged the linen.
The shroud was removed from the boxes and gently eased into a semblence of its original form. It was humidified to reduce the creasing using the humidity chamber, weighting with perspex weights as appropriate. The two large fragments were found to join so they were placed in their correct positions. Smaller fragments were then fitted in. Further humidification using Goretex (polytetrafluoro ethylene,polyester laminate) reduced the creasing further. The pigments were consolidated with 2% Paraloid B72 (ethyl methacrylate copolymer) in 1:1 Acetone (propan-1-one/dimethyl ketone)/Industrial methylated spirits (ethanol,methanol). The shroud was supported on custom dyed cotton calico (Solophenyl (azo dye)) and overlaid with fine nylon net, also custom dyed (Lanaset (comp. unknown)). Running stitch in custom dyed silk monofilament secured the net to the calico, encasing all the fragments of the shroud. The shroud on its backing was then laid on a Hexlite board which was covered in the same custom dyed cotton calico and lightly padded. The shroud backing fabric was stitched to this board.
- Inscription from: Book of the Dead
Ancient Egypt & Sudan
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Object reference number: YCA40480
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