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altar

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1856,0701.5026

  • Description

    Stone altar dedicated to Neptune set up by Lucius Aufidus Pantera.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 2ndC
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 890 millimetres
    • Width: 394 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Language

        Latin
      • Inscription Content

        N]eptu[no] / aram / L(ucius) Aufidius / Pantera / praefect(us) / clas(sis) Brit(annicae)
      • Inscription Translation

        To Neptune, Lucius Aufidius Pantera, prefect of the British Fleet, (set up this) altar.
  • Curator's comments

    This limestone altar, dedicated to the sea-god Neptune, was found in 1850 in the ruins of a late-Roman fort. It had probably been re-used as a building stone, but before that time it must have been exposed to the sea because it is encrusted with barnacles.

    The inscription records that the person who set up the altar was Lucius Aufidus Pantera, a high-ranking military officer. From this and another inscription we know that he was praefectus (commander) of the British fleet in AD 133 or soon after, and before that had commanded a large cavalry regiment in Pannonia Superior (modern Hungary).

    It was, of course, entirely appropriate that a fleet-commander should offer up an altar to Neptune, the god of the waters on which he sailed.

    More 

  • Bibliography

    • R I B I, 66, p. 19 bibliographic details
  • Location

    On display: G49/od

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1856

  • Department

    Britain, Europe and Prehistory

  • Registration number

    1856,0701.5026

COMPASS Title: Altar to Neptune

Unknown

COMPASS Title: Altar to Neptune

Image description

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Object reference number: BCB60963

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