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Gold collar. It was made from three circular sectioned and tapering gold bars that are fused at the ends forming a penannular neck-ring. A rectangular catch- plate is attached by hooks and close the collar. Two separately formed 'cups' of gold, each with an internal spike and moulding are riveted at either side of the collar.
The bars are finely decorated with a complex incised geometric pattern. The decoration consists in series of triangles (dog's tooth design), parallel lines, rhombus shaped and zig-zag motifs located in the central part of the collar. A band of parallel lines and triangles decorate the terminals of the collar in the proximity of the cups.
The catch- plate is decorated with five ribs, three of them have incised oblique lines.
- 1250BC-800BC (circa)
- Excavated/Findspot: Sintra, Possibly found accompanied by human bones in a ditch grave.
- (Europe,Portugal,Estremadura,Lisbon (district),Sintra)
- Diameter: 124.21 millimetres (upper maximum)
- Diameter: 119.4 millimetres (upper minimum)
- Diameter: 134.58 millimetres (lower maximum)
- Diameter: 134.58 millimetres (lower minimum)
- Width: 37 millimetres (body centre)
- Width: 17.69 millimetres (body end)
- Thickness: 11.92 millimetres (body centre)
- Thickness: 6.42 millimetres (body end)
- Diameter: 19.11 millimetres (cup a)
- Thickness: 1.39 millimetres (cup a)
- Diameter: 18.84 millimetres (cup b)
- Thickness: 1.45 millimetres (cup b)
- Diameter: 20.32 millimetres (cup c)
- Thickness: 1.42 millimetres (cup c)
- Diameter: 19.36 millimetres (cup d)
- Thickness: 1.36 millimetres (cup d)
- Length: 77.27 millimetres (catch-plate)
- Width: 21.31 millimetres (catch-plate)
- Thickness: 3.06 millimetres (catch-plate)
- Weight: 1254.8 grammes
The Sintra collar or torc is unique due to the three tapering bars fused at each end as well as the catch-plate and accompanying hooks. The decoration is however paralleled in contemporary torcs found in Spain such as Sagrajas, Badajoz (Perea 1991, 100-101).
Perea, A. 1991. Orfebreria Prerromana: arqueologia del oro. Madrid: Casa del Monte
Note from the object file: 'three men working in a stone quarry in the Casal Amaro parish of Santa Maria, near Cintra, Portugal, declared having found on 26th March 1878 in the hollow of a stone in the said quarry a gold article of the shape of a bracelet, and the quarry being the property of Mr Joaquim Paulo, the latter said the three labourers were paid for their share of finding the said article a certain amount that was agreed upon between them'
2012-2013 Nov-Mar, Bonn, Kunst- und Ausstellungshalle, Treasures of the World's Cultures
2012 Mar-Jul, Abu Dhabi, Manarat Al Saadiyat, Treasures of the World’s Cultures
1998 9 Feb-3 May, India, Mumbai, Sir Caswasjee Jahangir Hall, The Enduring Image
1997 13 Oct-1998 5 Jan, India, New Delhi, National Museum, The Enduring Image
1995 Feb-Dec, Lisbon, Museu Nacional de Arqueologia, A Idade do Bronze Europeu
20 July 1994
Reason for treatment
Clean incised decoration for detailed study
White wax deposit over all of object and some dark deposit in some of the decoration.
Wax removed from some of the decoration using a bamboo skewer. Non decorated surface wipped with Industrial methylated spirits (ethanol,methanol) on Kimwipe tissue
Britain, Europe and Prehistory
Gold collar consisting of three tapering bars, fused at the ends. A catch-plate, loosely attached by hooks at the end which pass through perforations, allows the collar to be taken on and off the neck. The front segments of the bars carry incised geometric ornament divided into panels and fringed with a dog's tooth design. Attached at either side are two separately formed 'cups' of gold, each with an internal spike and moulding.
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Object reference number: BCB65989
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