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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site

 

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seal

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1994,0805.13

  • Description

    Rock crystal seal. Oval cabochon with bevelled sides, carved on the flat side. It is inscribed in nastaʻlīq in Persian with a background of dots and rosettes. Double line around the edge of the seal. Numerals 163; probably [1]163/1749-50.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 1749-1750 (?)
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 24 millimetres
    • Width: 18 millimetres
    • Depth: 12 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Script

        Nastaʻlīq
      • Inscription Language

        Persian
      • Inscription Content

        چو روزقيامت بلرزد جسد
        محمّد بفرياد قاسم رسد
        ۱٦۳
      • Inscription Translation

        When the body trembles on the day of resurrection Muḥammad will answer Qāsim’s cry for help
  • Bibliography

    • Porter 2011 bibliographic details
  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1994

  • Department

    Middle East

  • Registration number

    1994,0805.13

Rock crystal seal. Oval cabochon with bevelled sides, carved on the flat side. It is inscribed in nasta?liq in Persian with a background of dots and rosettes. Double line around the edge of the seal. Numerals 163; probably [1]163/1749-50.

Rock crystal seal. Oval cabochon with bevelled sides, carved on the flat side. It is inscribed in nasta?liq in Persian with a background of dots and rosettes. Double line around the edge of the seal. Numerals 163; probably [1]163/1749-50.

Image description

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Object reference number: RRM33049

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