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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Ostracon, fragment of the body of a red-brown pottery vessel with a red external slip, on which are the faded remains of two lines of Greek text in black ink.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 6thC-8thC
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 59 millimetres (max)
    • Width: 63 millimetres (max)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Position

      • Inscription Language

      • Inscription Transliteration

        Faint traces of two lines of Greek text.
      • Inscription Translation

        Translation by J. Cromwell [unpublished]: "Hathor 20. Piom [Medinet el-Fayum] […] Wine: 38 small measures […] Macarius, ca[mel-driver]."
  • Bibliography

    • Crum & Bell 1922 p.180-181 bibliographic details
  • Condition

    poor (text faded and worn)

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    20 January 1997

    Treatment proposal

    Removal of soluble nylon if possible, desalinate. Consolidate lamenating areas if necessary.


    Treated with soluble nylon . Script partly obsured. Surface discoloured white bloom present. Stored in storage tray.

    Treatment details

    Two applications of Wolber's IMS gel applied. (IMS,water,carboxypolymethylene,polyoxyethylene-15-cocamine) Each application left on for 3 hours and covered with cling film to prevent evaporation of Wolbers gel. Between applications the Wolbers gel was gently rinsed off using distilled water and a soft sable brush. After Wolber gel treatment desalination carried out. Object completely immersed in distilled water. Wash water changed on a daily basis. Conductivity readings taken of both the tap water and the wash water. DATE WASH WATER DISTILLED WATER measured in siemens 10-5/10-4 040197 0.3x10-5 050197 20.2x10-5 0.3x10-5 060197 6.7x10-5 0.3x10-5 090197 5.1x10-5 0.3x10-5 100197 4.7x10-5 0.3x10-5 110197 1.6x10-5 0.3x10-5 120197 1.6x10-5 0.3x10-5 140197 1.3x10-5 RESULTS AFTER TREATMENT. After treatment less discolouration, script partly legible.

    About these records 

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Acquisition notes

    Excavated 1913-1914 by Reginald Campbell Thompson on behalf of the Byzantine Research Fund.

  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number


  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • O.Sarga 276 (text edition abbreviation according to Oates et al 2001)


If you’ve noticed a mistake or have any further information about this object, please email: collectiondatabase@britishmuseum.org 

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Object reference number: YCA72690

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