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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Bronze spiralling rod with a hook at the end.

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 28 centimetres
  • Location


  • Condition


  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    2 July 1998

    Treatment proposal

    . Light surface clean. Removal of corrosion. Keep corrosion sample.


    Powdery corrosion over good surface. Black deposits near the tip together with vegetal debris .

    Treatment details

    Mechanically cleaned with air-abrasive using Aluminium oxide, No1 powder. Cleaned manually using scalpel.Detail revealed. Black deposits and vegetal material left in situ. Cleaned areas consolidated using 2.5% Paraloid B72, ethyl methacrylate copolymer, in acetone/Industrial methylated spirits (ethanol,methanol), applied using brush. Corrosion sample kept in gelatine capsule with the object.

    About these records 

  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number


  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • BS.6484c (Birch Slip Number)


If you’ve noticed a mistake or have any further information about this object, please email: collectiondatabase@britishmuseum.org 

View open data for this object with SPARQL endpoint

Object reference number: YCA51816

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