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model group / figure

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    EA36422

  • Description

    Wooden model of a sailing-boat with crew: the depth and beam of the hull are normal, but with comparatively little sheer; painted red, stern slightly higher than bow. It is carved from a solid block of wood. Deck is hollowed out leaving low gunwales running from stern to the beginning of the raised fore-deck. After-deck is slightly raised and painted red; the gunwales bore black marks of which only a few are now clearly visible. The after section of the longitudinal strip is painted red with black cross strips and is strengthened by two curved side-pieces forming an anchor-shaped structure, also red with black markings. Two holes of doubtful purpose on starboard quarter close to standing figure. Centre and fore-decks are marked out in red on white, as usual, except that the normal small oblong space around the foot of the mast is absent. The centre-line running from mast to fore-deck has been painted black over red. A wooden centre strip was once pegged to the deck in the bow but this and a large piece of the bow are missing; the remains of one peg exist. There is a tall, tapering mast, carefully shaped. No trace left of yards, sail, or rigging. There is a hole in the stern on the starboard side which is of doubtful purpose; it is too much off centre to be a socket for a steering-post. There is a small tunnel-shaped cabin aft, painted yellow with red stripes; in the deck beneath it is a large square hole which probably served as a socket for the figure of the owner, now missing; the after end of the cabin is closed by a wall painted red. Aft of the cabin is a large thick white-painted crutch intended to support the mast when it was lowered to reduce windage during rowing; the crutch seems considerably out of scale, but could possibly have served as a support for the missing steering-oar, which worked in a notch in the stern. There is no room on this model for the usual steering-post. There is no pilot in bows; he may have been lost with the damage to the bows. Two figures abaft the mast-crutch may perhaps be intended for helmsmen, though this type of boat would have one steering-oar only. Between mast and cabin is a group of six sailors, three a side facing inboard, who are supposed to be working the rigging; forward of the mast and facing aft stands another figure, feet not carved, apparently gesticulating, with one arm raised and the other down, who may represent the captain issuing orders. Four of the crew are unshaven. A large hole on the centre-line just forward of the cabin may possibly be for a passenger, conceivably the owner's son, while also on the centre-line, nearer the mast, is a small hole which may indicate the original presence of another figure. All the figures have red bodies, black wigs, and white skirts; in two cases the original fabric skirt remains. The figures have features modelled as well as painted, with arms pegged to shoulders; hands partly modelled and in some cases pierced with holes to take cordage.

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  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • BC2000-1800 (circa)
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Type series

    • Reisner Type II
  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 69.8 centimetres
    • Width: 15.2 centimetres
    • Depth: 8.3 centimetres
  • Bibliography

    • Glanville 1972 25 bibliographic details
  • Location

    Not on display

  • Condition

    Good. The bows of vessel are partly rotted, with the possible loss of pilot; the centre strip is lost. The stern is also partly rotted, the cabin badly worm-eaten and its paint barely visible. There is no trace of rigging. The occupant of the cabin is lost; of the crew abaft the mast the first man on the larboard side has lost both arms and the second man on the starboard side has only one; of the two figures in the stern, only the right arm of the starboard figure is preserved.

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1902

  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number

    EA36422

  • Registration number

    1902,0412.122

Wooden model of boat under oars: the hull has curved sheer rising to high stern, which is rounded and has two projections intended to serve as a notch for the steering-oar. The bows are comparatively low and the raised fore-deck bears a centre strip with a notch projecting over the bows. The hull stands on a plinth carved in one piece with it; the deck is hollowed out to leave gunwales which merge into the raised fore-deck; there is no raised after-deck, but it is marked off from the main deck by a broad thwart-strip in red paint. Hull painted red; deck as usual is white with deck-plan on it in red. Plan consists of seven pairs of spaces plus mast-space on the main deck, three pairs forward and four abaft the mast, not including the space at the stern. Centre strip in bows originally red with a white notch projecting over the bows; gunwales red, marked on inside at small intervals with black stripes and on top with four larger black marks on each side; these markings presumably indicate fittings of bronze or leather, in this case probably for securing rigging. The fore-deck is also divided into three spaces by thwarts or beams indicated with red paint. There is a long tapering mast apparently once painted red, but now only four black bands remain; it stands at the after end of the oblong mast-space, the forward end of which is now occupied by a seated figure. No rigging is preserved, but the black marks on the gunwales may indicate where it was supposed to be secured. The steering-post is absent, and in fact there is hardly enough room for it and the helmsman abaft the seated owner. A steering-oar with a red blade is secured to the bow by modern cotton. It is not in its correct position at the stern and it may in fact not be original to this model. The purpose of the prominent notch at the bows is obscure, but it may be a fairlead for a mooring rope. Two oars for rowing have survived. Pilot faces to larboard in the attitude of using the sounding-pole; at present the steering-oar is tucked under his right arm. There are twelve rowers who stand with one or other leg forward; the right arm of the rower just forward of the mast appears to have drooped from its original position. There is no helmsman. The crew have red bodies, black wigs, and white skirts; some have the remains of the original fabric skirts as well. Most of them have a white circle painted on their wigs; three have white 'caps' and two have white band and 'cap'. Just forward of where the helmsman should be squats the figure of the owner cloaked in white. Two smaller seated figures, one forward and one abaft the mast, have white cloaks falling from the left shoulder, leaving the right shoulder and arm-broken in one case, missing in the other-bare. The latter, abaft the mast, is remarkable in that the face is looking over the right shoulder; he has a white circle on his wig like the members of the crew. The squatting figures are carved in one piece. Arms of crew are pegged to shoulders and presumably feet pegged to deck. In the case of the rowers the forward foot is shown, but the other is supposed to be at a lower level and is not indicated. The pilot's legs are divided below the knee and there is an unexplained hole bored through his legs at that point. The human figures have the features slightly modelled and the eyes are painted in black and white.

Wooden model of boat under oars: the hull has curved sheer rising to high stern, which is rounded and has two projections intended to serve as a notch for the steering-oar. The bows are comparatively low and the raised fore-deck bears a centre strip with a notch projecting over the bows. The hull stands on a plinth carved in one piece with it; the deck is hollowed out to leave gunwales which merge into the raised fore-deck; there is no raised after-deck, but it is marked off from the main deck by a broad thwart-strip in red paint. Hull painted red; deck as usual is white with deck-plan on it in red. Plan consists of seven pairs of spaces plus mast-space on the main deck, three pairs forward and four abaft the mast, not including the space at the stern. Centre strip in bows originally red with a white notch projecting over the bows; gunwales red, marked on inside at small intervals with black stripes and on top with four larger black marks on each side; these markings presumably indicate fittings of bronze or leather, in this case probably for securing rigging. The fore-deck is also divided into three spaces by thwarts or beams indicated with red paint. There is a long tapering mast apparently once painted red, but now only four black bands remain; it stands at the after end of the oblong mast-space, the forward end of which is now occupied by a seated figure. No rigging is preserved, but the black marks on the gunwales may indicate where it was supposed to be secured. The steering-post is absent, and in fact there is hardly enough room for it and the helmsman abaft the seated owner. A steering-oar with a red blade is secured to the bow by modern cotton. It is not in its correct position at the stern and it may in fact not be original to this model. The purpose of the prominent notch at the bows is obscure, but it may be a fairlead for a mooring rope. Two oars for rowing have survived. Pilot faces to larboard in the attitude of using the sounding-pole; at present the steering-oar is tucked under his right arm. There are twelve rowers who stand with one or other leg forward; the right arm of the rower just forward of the mast appears to have drooped from its original position. There is no helmsman. The crew have red bodies, black wigs, and white skirts; some have the remains of the original fabric skirts as well. Most of them have a white circle painted on their wigs; three have white 'caps' and two have white band and 'cap'. Just forward of where the helmsman should be squats the figure of the owner cloaked in white. Two smaller seated figures, one forward and one abaft the mast, have white cloaks falling from the left shoulder, leaving the right shoulder and arm-broken in one case, missing in the other-bare. The latter, abaft the mast, is remarkable in that the face is looking over the right shoulder; he has a white circle on his wig like the members of the crew. The squatting figures are carved in one piece. Arms of crew are pegged to shoulders and presumably feet pegged to deck. In the case of the rowers the forward foot is shown, but the other is supposed to be at a lower level and is not indicated. The pilot's legs are divided below the knee and there is an unexplained hole bored through his legs at that point. The human figures have the features slightly modelled and the eyes are painted in black and white.

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Object reference number: YCA54946

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