pectoral / mummy-case / coffin / cartonnage / human mummy
Mummy of a priest, aged 30-40 years, named Nesperennub, son of Ankhefenkhons. The body is encased in a painted cartonnage mummy-case.
Skull - Mouth closed. Some teeth missing. There is considerable dental attrition. Artificial eyes inserted in orbits. Bound on to the top of the head is an opaque object resembling a skull-cap. This may possibly be a package containing the placenta.6 The cervical spine appears intact. There are no obvious fractures.
Thorax and Abdomen - Filled with dense packing material probably obscuring the four parcels of viscera. In the right upper zone of the thorax there are two scarabs and a small pencil-like object, very probably a bird-bone, lying just below the mid-shaft of the clavicle. There is a pectoral with open wings and a rectangular plate over the flank-incision. There are possible pathological changes in the anterior third of the 2nd left rib. There is a large rounded mass in the pelvic region. The dorsal and lumbar intervertebral discs are partially opaque.
Arms - Extended. Hands with extended fingers over the pubic area. On the ring-finger of each hand is a ring with a rectangular bezel.
Legs - No fractures. Numerous well-defined lines of arrested growth are visible at the lower ends of the tibiae.
Anthropoid wooden coffin: possibly designed for a woman, but inscribed with the name of Nesperennub, son of Ankhefenkhons, Opener of the Two Gates of Heaven in Karnak, Libationer of the Temple of Khons at Karnak, with polychrome painted face, wig and collar, with vertical register of hieroglyphs in white down body and a further register in blue around the sides of the coffin.
- Found/Acquired: Thebes
- (Africa,Egypt,Upper Egypt,Thebes (Upper Egypt - archaic))
- Length: 173 centimetres (mummy-case)
- Depth: 42 centimetres
- Height: 31 centimetres
- Length: 192 centimetres (Coffin)
- Height: 61 centimetres
- Width: 60 centimetres
Inscription TranslationTitles/epithets include : Opener of the Two Gates of Heaven in Karnak; Libationer of the Temple of Khons at Karnak
B. Porter & R. Moss, 'Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs and Paintings' I (Part 2) (Oxford, 1964), p.638; Taylor in W. V. Davies (ed.), 'Colour and painting in ancient Egypt' (London, 2001), p. 173, col. pl. 53 ; Taylor in J. H. Taylor and N. Strudwick (eds.), ‘The Theban Necropolis : past, present and future’ (London, 2003), p.106 [pl.49];
J. H. Taylor, 'Mummy: The inside story' (London, 2004);
N. Strudwick, Masterpieces of Ancient Egypt, London 2006, pp. 254-5.
2005-2006 Oct-Feb, Houston Museum of Natural Sciences, Mummy: The Inside Story
2006 7 Mar-6 Aug, Mobile (Alabama), Gulf Coast Exploreum Science Center, Mummy: The Inside Story
2006-2007 6 Oct-18 Feb, Tokyo National Museum, Mummy: The Inside Story
2007 17 Mar-17 Jun, Kobe City Museum, Mummy: The Inside Story
19th Nov 2011- 11 Mar 2012. Richmond , VA, Virginia museum of Fine Art. Mummy. The inside story.
Mar - Oct 2012. Brisbane, Queensland Museum South Bank. Mummy: The Inside Story
2012/3, Nov-Apr, Mumbai, CSMVS, Mummy: The Inside Story
2013, Apr-Nov, Singapore, ArtScience Museum, Mummy: The Inside Story
19 May 2004
Reason for analysis
Identification Of Old Conservation Treatment Materials On Coffin Aes30720 And Leather Mummy Brace Aes1868,0509.5
Egyptian coffin AES30720 and leather mummy brace AES1868,0509.5 are undergoing conservation for the “Mummy: The Inside Story” exhibition. The coffin has old fills and several areas of retouching with pigments; and the brace is stitched with a thread for support. Identification of these materials was requested to confirm them as part of an old conservation treatment. The samples were analysed by Polarised Light Microscopy (PLM), X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and Raman microspectroscopy. The brown pigment is a mixture that contains red lead. The pink pigment is haematite and the black pigment is a mixture of materials, which could not be determined, painted over Egyptian blue. The fill material consists of chalk and lithopone. The decorative varnish on the coffin is a mastic varnish. The thread was analysed by Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy and was found to be the cellulose-based thread, rayon.
Analysis reference number
Ancient Egypt & Sudan
Anthropoid wooden coffin, possibly designed for a woman, but inscribed with the name of Nesperennub, son of Ankhefenkhons, Opener of the Two Gates of Heaven in Karnak, Libationer of the Temple of Khons at Karnak, with polychrome painted face, wig and collar, with vertical register of hieroglyphs in white down body and a further register in blue around the sides of the coffin. Also the mummy enclosed in painted cartonnage mummy-case.
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Object reference number: YCA55930
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