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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site

 

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ostracon

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    EA55832

  • Description

    Ostracon, fragment of the body of a red pottery ribbed vessel, the fabric is grey in section, the exterior is grooved and bears traces of a light-brown slip and remains of six lines of Coptic text written in black ink, smudged and faded in places, containing part of a letter.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 6thC-8thC
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 57 millimetres (max)
    • Width: 87 millimetres (max)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Position

        exterior
      • Inscription Language

        Coptic
      • Inscription Transliteration

        Remains of six lines of Coptic text written in black ink, smudged and faded in places. Phrases which occur include "the sailors of the ship", from whom perhaps the letter emanates, though written by a "land-agent"; also the addressee "the(?) son of Patarches", the title chartularins and "Apa Basilius".
      • Inscription Translation

        Note by W.E. Crum: "Fragment in which occur 'the sailors of the ship', from whom perhaps the leter emanates, though written by a 'land-agent'; also the addressee 'the(?) son of Patarches', the title chartularius and 'Apa Basilius'."
  • Bibliography

    • Crum & Bell 1922 p.104 bibliographic details
  • Condition

    fair (text faded)

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1923

  • Acquisition notes

    Excavated 1913-1914 by Reginald Campbell Thompson on behalf of the Byzantine Research Fund.

  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number

    EA55832

  • Registration number

    1923,0327.99

  • Additional IDs

    • O.Sarga 118 (text edition abbreviation according to Oates et al 2001)

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Object reference number: YCA59196

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