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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site

 

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ostracon

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    EA56742

  • Description

    Ostracon, fragment of the body of a light-brown pottery ribbed vessel, the fabric is partially pale-grey in section, the interior is covered with a dark-brown resinous deposit, the exterior is covered with a light-brown slip and remains of seven lines of Coptic text written in black ink, containing an account of uncertain nature.

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  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 6thC-8thC
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 93 millimetres (max)
    • Width: 74 millimetres (max)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Position

        exterior
      • Inscription Language

        Coptic
      • Inscription Transliteration

        Remains of seven lines of Coptic text written in black ink, worn and smudged in places.
      • Inscription Translation

        Translation by W.E. Crum: "The 9th of Epeiph: for Phoebammon, (of) the district of Siut, and(?) [Asa]rias, the camelherd, . . . . . "
  • Bibliography

    • Crum & Bell 1922 p.128 bibliographic details
  • Condition

    fair (text smudged in places)

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1923

  • Acquisition notes

    Excavated 1913-1914 by Reginald Campbell Thompson on behalf of the Byzantine Research Fund.

  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number

    EA56742

  • Registration number

    1923,0327.409

  • Additional IDs

    • O.Sarga 154 (text edition abbreviation according to Oates et al 2001)

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Object reference number: YCA60767

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