Collection online

stela

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    EA826

  • Description

    Granodiorite stela of Hor and Suty: a round-topped stela, carved within the rectangular framework of the door. The inscriptions throughout are incised and the figures carved in sunk relief. On the lintel of the door are three horizontal lines of text reading from the centre outwards. On the right side, there are three vertical lines of text. At the base of the right panel above a figure of Hor, seated at a table of offerings (almost entireley obliterated), are four (?) vertical lines of text. On the left side are three vertical lines of text. At the base of the left panel above a figure of Suty, seated at a table of offerings (almost entirely obliterated), are four vertical lines of text. On the right and left of the top of the arch of the stela itself, in the angle formed by the frame of the door is a 'wedjat'-eye. In the arch of the stela is a winged disc. The stela comprisies two registers. The first register is divided into two symmetrical scenes: On the right Anubis, shown with jackal's head, wearing a short skirt and holding a sceptre in the left hand and 'ankh' in the right, is adored by Hor and a woman (both almost entirely obliterated). Above Anubis, there are two vertical columns of text. Above Hor and the woman, are four vertical columns of text. On the left Osiris, shown in mummy form, wearing a crown, beard, necklace and counterpoise, and holding a sceptre in his hands, is adored by Suty and a woman (both obliterated). Above Osiris are two vertical columns of text. Above Suty and the woman, are four vertical columns of text. The second register carries an inscription in twenty-one horizontal lines. The stela is well preserved, but there are minor abrasions. The name of Suty in the left hand panel of the door and all the figures with their accompanying inscriptions, apart from those of the gods, were erased in antiquity.
    Hor and Suty are usually regarded as brothers, although it has been proposed that they are a same sex couple; the inscription, however, strongly suggest that they were twins.

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  • Authority

  • Culture/period

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 146 centimetres
    • Width: 90 centimetres
    • Thickness: 29 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Script

        hieroglyphic
      • Inscription Position

        second register
      • Inscription Comment

        Twentyone lines of a hymn to the sungod:

        Praising Amun when he rises as Harakhty
        by the Overseer of Works of Amun Suty
        and the Overseer of Works of Amun Hor: they say,
        “Hail to you Re, beauty of every day,
        who rises at dawn ceaselessly,
        Khepri who tires himself with labour!
        Your rays are on the face, unknown;
        electrum – it is not like your splendour;
        creator of yourself, you fashion your body;
        begetter unbegotten;
        alone, unique, traversing eternity;
        above all ways, with millions under his control;
        your splendour is like the sky’s splendour;
        your colour brighter than its colours;
        you cross the sky with all faces seeing you;
        you set and (you) are hidden from their sight;
        you give yourself at dawn;
        secure is your sailing with your majesty;
        a short day and you run a race –
        hundred thousands and millions of miles;
        each day is a moment to you,
        passing as you set;
        the hours of the night also listen to you;
        you have ordered them with no ceasing in your work;
        all eye<s> see by you;
        they are useless when your majesty sets;
        you arise to shine at dawn
        and your brightness opens the eyes of the flocks;
        you set in the Western Hill
        and then they sleep as if dead.

        Hail to you sun-disk of day,
        Creator of all, making them alive!
        Great hawk, dapple-plumed;
        scarab who raises himself up;
        who creates himself unbegotten;
        eldest Horus in the midst of Nut;
        applauded for rising and also setting;
        who creates what the earth makes;
        the Khnum and Amun of the living;
        who seizes the two lands, from great to small;
        shining mother of mankind and gods;
        patient craftsman,
        tireless in making them numberless;
        valiant shepherd driving his flock,
        their shelter keeping them alive;
        runner, racer, courser;
        Khepri of exceptional birth,
        who displays his beauty in the womb of Nut,
        who illumines the two lands as his sundisk;
        Primeval one of the two lands who made himself,
        and who sees that he made alone;
        who reaches the ends of the earth every day,
        in the view of those who walk on it;
        who rises in the sky formed as the sun,
        making the seasons in the months;
        burning when he wants,
        cool when he wants;
        he lays bodies low and he revives them;
        every land choruses his rising;
        every day will praises him!”

        The Overseer of Works Suty and
        the Overseer of Works Hor, he (!) says,
        “I was in charge of your city,
        overseer of works in your very shrine,
        made for you by your beloved son,
        Lord of the Two Lands Nebmaatre given live.
        My lord appointed me to be in charge of your monuments, knowing my vigilance.
        I was a valiant man in charge of your monuments,
        who did truth as your wish.
        I know you are pleased by truth,
        advancing him who does it on earth.
        I did it and you advanced me,
        giving me favours on earth in Karnak.
        I was in your following when you appeared.
        I was a just man, whose horror is disorder,
        unpleased with any words of a liar -
        only my brother, like myself, his ways pleased me,
        for he had come from the womb
        with me on the same day,
        the Overseer of Works of Amun in Luxor, Suty and Hor.
        I was in charge on the right while he was in charge on the left,
        as we controlled the great monuments in Karnak
        at the front of Thebes, the city of Amun.
        May you give me an old age in your city,
        with my eyes on your beauty,
        and a burial in the west, the place of contentment,
        as I join with the favoured ones
        who have departed in peace!
        May you give me a sweet breeze when (I) land
        and garlands(?) on the day of the Wag-feast!”
      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Script

        hieroglyphic
      • Inscription Position

        door-frame
      • Inscription Comment

        Incised in three lines are offering formulae to, and the the titles of Suty (to the left) and Hor (to the right)
      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Script

        hieroglyphic
      • Inscription Position

        first register
      • Inscription Comment

        Incised captions to the scene of Suty and Hor woshipping Osiris and Anubis.
  • Curator's comments

    Bibliography:
    J. Baines and L. McNamara (with addendum by R. Parkinson), 'The twin stelae of Suty and Hor’, in Z. Hawass and J. E. Richards (ed.), The Archaeology and Art of Ancient Egypt: Studies in Honor of David B. O'Connor (Cairo) Volume I, 63-79.
    Recent study: Steven Blake Shubert in Fs Redford (online: http://weaver2.la.psu.edu/cams/festschrift/ ), asserting Hor and Suty are gay couple; Translation of hymns: M. Lichtheim, 'Ancient Egyptian literature : a book of readings' Volume II (Berkeley, 1976) p.86-89;
    M. Minas-Nerpel, 'Der Gott Chepri : Untersuchungen zu Schriftzeugnissen und ikonographischen Quellen vom Alten Reich bis in griechisch-römische Zeit' (OLA 154, Leuven/Dudley, Mass.,2006) 294, note 833;
    'Urk.' IV, 1943-49, no. 732.
    H. H. Stewart 'A Possibly Contemporary Parallel to the Inscription of Suty and Hor', JEA 43 (1957), 3-5.
    M. Fecht, 'Zur Fruhform der Amarna-Theologie', 'Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde' 94 (1967), 25-50;
    J. Assman, ‘Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäeologischen Instituts, Abteilung Kairo’ 27 (1971), 1-20;
    A. Gulyas, 'The Solar Hymn of Suty and Hor and the Temple of Luxor: A Comparison of God-concepts' in R. Preys (ed.), Aegyptologische Tempeltagung: Structuring Religion (Wiesbaden 2009), 113-31.
    J. H. Breasted, 'The dawn of conscience' (New York/London, 1934), pp. 275-277;
    J. H. Breasted, 'Development of religion and thought in ancient Egypt' (London, 1912), pp. 315-317.The occultist Aleister Crowley (1875-4197) wrote a poem 'The Twins' (in his collection of verse TheWinged Beetle, privately published 1910) in which he suggests that the twins 'HOOR and SET' were 'incestuous males': 'How lithe, how blithe / Are these male incestuous vigils'. (Quoted in P. Baker, Austin Osman Spare; The Life and Legend of London's Lost Artist (Strange Attractor Press 2007), 59-60).(Pers.comm. Emily Taylor). Full text available on: http://www.100thmonkeypress.com/biblio/acrowley/books/winged_beetle_1910/winged_beetle_1910.htm

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  • Bibliography

    • Edwards 1939 pl.21 bibliographic details
    • Parkinson 2013 pp. 38-9 bibliographic details
  • Location

    On display: G61

  • Condition

    fair

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1857

  • Acquisition notes

    1857, Lot 62, according to Birch slips

  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number

    EA826

  • Registration number

    .826

  • Additional IDs

    • BS.826 (Birch Slip Number)
COMPASS Title: Granite stela of Hor and Suty

Unknown

COMPASS Title: Granite stela of Hor and Suty

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