Granodiorite seated statue of Senenmut holding Neferura: the steward Senenmut sits on a conventional blocklike seat and holds his royal charge on his lap. With his left hand, he grasps her firmly; with the right he draws his enveloping ankle-length cloak tightly around them both. Otherwise there is no interaction between the figures; Senenmut and Neferura gaze straight ahead. The princess's sidelock and the gesture of placing the forefinger of her right hand to her mouth are iconographic features indicative of childhood. The statue is inscribed on the legs and block-seat.
- 1479BC (circa)
- Excavated/Findspot: Temple of Amun, The 'cache' from which Budge said this came is subject to some dispute: James, BSFE 75 (1976), 7–30, Dewachter, CdE 54 (1979), 22-5 and Eaton-Krauss, JEA 85 (1999), 113-29.
- (Africa,Egypt,Upper Egypt,Karnak (Thebes),Temple of Amun)
- Height: 72.5 centimetres
- Width: 24 centimetres
- Depth: 48 centimetres
- Weight: 150 kilograms
Inscription TranslationTitles/epithets include : Chief Steward of the Royal Daughter Neferura
Titles/epithets include : God's Wife of Amun
Inscription: "as a favour of the Lady of the Two Lands, the God's Wife, Hatshepsut"
Inscription CommentIncised. The inscriptions on the statue include the information that Hatshepsut commissioned it for Senenmut. The queen is called "god's wife of Amun," a title that dates the sculpture to the period before she arrogated to herself the kingship as nominal co-regent of her stepson.
The original placement of this statue is unknown. The invocation offerings on the front are given in the name of Amun, and seven aspects of the god are listed in the inscription on the proper left side of the seat. Therefore the statue probably stood somewhere in the precinct of Amun's temple, perhaps in the area of North Karnak, as one author has convincingly argued. In the inscriptions the names of Senenmut, Hatshepsut, and Amun are all intact, suggesting that the statue was buried out of harm's way before the periods when these names were attacked.
Bibliography: 'Egyptian Treasures' [exhibition catalogue] (Shanghai, 1999), 36-37 No 2; The British Museum, 'Hieroglyphic texts from Egyptian stelae, etc., in the British Museum' Part 5 (London, 1914), Plates 30-32; B. Porter & R. Moss, 'Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs and Paintings' II (Oxford, 1972), p.278;
G. Robins, ‘The Art of Ancient Egypt’ (London, 1997), pp. 144-45 with fig. 186;
T. G. H. James & W. V. Davies, ‘Egyptian Sculpture’ (London, 1983), p. 31 with fig. 34;
N. Strudwick, Masterpieces of Ancient Egypt, London 2006, pp. 130-1.
E. R. Russmann, Eternal Egypt, 120-121.
L. Delvaux, 'Hatchepsout, Senenmout et l'atelier de Neferkhaout' in Claes et al, Elkab and Beyond (OLA 191), 245-60.
C. Roehrig, Hatshepsut, from queen to pharaoh, New York 2005, 114-115.Permission to publish photograph of this object granted to Dr Edith Bernhauer in email 31/3/04. To be published in her thesis 'Die Innovationen in der Privatplastik der 18. Dynastie', in the Egyptological Memoirs (Brill) Series. [NCS]
Not on display
Exhibited: 2005 15 Oct-2006 29 Jan, San Francisco, M H Young Memorial Museum, Hatshepsut 2006 20 Mar-9 Jul, New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Hatshepsut 2006 26 Aug-10 Dec, Fort Worth, Kimbell Museum of Art, Hatshepsut 2011Jul–Sept, Newcastle, Great North Museum, Pharaoh: King of Egypt 2012 Oct–Jan, Dorchester, Dorset County Museum, Pharaoh: King of Egypt 2012 Feb–June, Leeds City Museum, Pharaoh: King of Egypt 2012 Jul-Oct, Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery, Pharaoh: King of Egypt 2012 Nov– 2013 Feb, Glasgow, Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum, Pharaoh: King of Egypt 2013 Mar–Aug, Bristol Museum and Art Gallery , Pharaoh: King of Egypt
Ancient Egypt & Sudan
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Object reference number: YCA60912
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