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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Demotic papyrus written with black ink with demotic legal text.
    Thompson's MS Catalogue: "recto 11 ll. verso pasted down. Contents. lease of land for a year granted by a prophet of Amonrasonter, Psamtek son of Anchpechrat to a group of 15 men all named, who undertake to cultivate it. (most of the contractual portion is lost). Date. year 15 Mesore of Amasis II. = BC. 553."


  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 556BC-555BC
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

  • Curator's comments

    see bibliographic record

    Cf. entry in www.trismegistos.org - DAHT.

    Being studied as part of PhD by Elisabeth Greifenstein (University of Wuerzburg).

  • Bibliography

    • Hughes 1952 9-17 (reviewed in RdE 10:106-7) bibliographic details
  • Condition

    Papyrus Survey: Condition Details: Papyrus: bleached, loss Black ink Backed: brown paper Displayed in Room 63 until 1997 Mount Details: Sandwich: glass Binding: cloth Object Priority: B Mount Priority: A Overall Condition: B Curatorial condition comment: fair

  • Acquisition name

  • Department

    Ancient Egypt & Sudan

  • BM/Big number


  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • P.LandLeases 1
    • Salt 698.3
Demotic papyrus.


Demotic papyrus.

Image description



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Object reference number: YCA61042

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